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Reaction mechanism of GTP cyclohydrolase I: Single turnover experiments using a kinetically competent reaction intermediate

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons77798

Bracher,  A.
Hartl, Franz-Ulrich / Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons78142

Huber,  R.
Huber, Robert / Structure Research, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Schramek, N., Bracher, A., Fischer, M., Auerbach, G., Nar, H., Huber, R., et al. (2002). Reaction mechanism of GTP cyclohydrolase I: Single turnover experiments using a kinetically competent reaction intermediate. Journal of Molecular Biology, 316(3), 829-837.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-6FA8-0
Abstract
Elsevier Science Ltd.GTP cyclohydrolase I catalyses the transformation of GTP into dihydroneopterin 3'-triphosphate, which is the first committed precursor of tetrahydrofolate and tetrahydrobiopterin. The kinetically competent reaction intermediate, 2-amino-5-formylamino-6-ribosylamino-4(3H)- pyrimidinone, was used as substrate for single turnover experiments monitored by multiwavelength photometry. The early reaction phase is characterized by the rapid appearance at 320. This species is likely to represent a Schiff base intermediate at the initial stage of the Amadori rearrangement of the carbohydrate side-chain. Deconvolution of the optical spectra suggested four linearly independent processes. A fifth reaction step was attributed to photodecomposition of the enzyme product. Presteady state experiments were also performed with the H179A mutant can catalyse a reversible conversion of GTP to 2-amino-5-formylamino-6-ribosylamino-4(3H)-pyrimidinone but is unable to form the final product, dihydroneopterin triphosphate. Optical spectroscopy failed to detect any intermediate in the reversible reaction sequence catalysed by the mutant protein. The data obtained with the wild-type and mutant protein in conjunction with earlier quenched flow studies show that the enzyme-catalysed opening of the imidazole ring of GTP and the hydrolytic release of formate from the resulting formamide type intermediate are both rapid reactions by comparison with the subsequent rearrangement of the carbohydrate side-chain which precedes the formation of the dihydropyrazine ring of dihydroneopterin triphosphate. (C) 2002 Academic Press.