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Phosphorylation and flexibility of cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) using P-31 NMR Spectroscopy

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons78142

Huber,  R.
Huber, Robert / Structure Research, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons78123

Holak,  T. A.
Holak, Tad / NMR Spectroscopy, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons77940

Engh,  R. A.
Huber, Robert / Structure Research, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Seifert, M. H. J., Breitenlechner, C. B., Bossemeyer, D., Huber, R., Holak, T. A., & Engh, R. A. (2002). Phosphorylation and flexibility of cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) using P-31 NMR Spectroscopy. Biochemistry, 41(19), 5968-5977.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-6F32-5
Abstract
Cell signaling pathways rely on phosphotransfer reactions that are catalyzed by protein kinases. The protein kinases themselves are typically regulated by phosphorylation and concurrent structural rearrangements, both near the catalytic site and elsewhere. Thus, physiological function requires posttranslational modification and deformable strictures. A prototypical example is provided by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). It is activated by phosphorylation, is inhomogeneously phosphorylated when expressed in bacteria, and exhibits a wide range of dynamic properties. Here we use P-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to characterize the phosphorylation states and to estimate the flexibility of the phosphorylation sites of 2-, 3-, and 4-fold phosphorylated PKA. The phosphorylation sites Ser10, Ser139, Thr197, and Ser338 are assigned to individual NMR resonances, assisted by complexation with AMP-PNP and dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase. Rotational diffusion correlation times estimated from resonance line widths show progressively increasing flexibilities for phosphothreonine 197, phosphoserines 139 and 338, and disorder at phosphoserine 10, consistent with crystal structures of PKA. However, because the apparent rotational diffusion correlation time fitted for phosphothreonine 197 of the activation loop is longer than the overall PKA rotational diffusion time, microsecond to millisecond time scale conformational exchange effects involving motions of phosphothreonine 197 are probable. These may represent "open"- "closed" transitions of the uncomplexed protein in solution. These data represent direct measurements of flexibilities also associated with functional properties, such as ATP binding and membrane association, and illustrate the applicability of P-31 NMR for functional and dynamic characterization of protein kinase phosphorylation sites.