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Catalytic Pt-on-Au Nanostructures: Why Pt Becomes More Active on Smaller Au Particles

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22288

Zhang,  Bing Sen
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22148

Su,  Dang Sheng
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Zhang, G.-R., Zhao, D. S., Feng, Y.-Y., Zhang, B. S., Su, D. S., Liu, G., et al. (2012). Catalytic Pt-on-Au Nanostructures: Why Pt Becomes More Active on Smaller Au Particles. ACS Nano, 6(3), 2226-2236. doi:10.1021/nn204378t.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-1F18-7
Abstract
Platinum is a widely used precious metal in many catalytic nanostructures. Engineering the surface electronic structure of Pt-containing bi- or multimetallic nanostructure to enhance both the intrinsic activity and dispersion of Pt has remained a challenge. By constructing Pt-on-Au (PtAu) nanostructures using a series of monodisperse Au nanoparticles in the size range of 2–14 nm, we disclose herein a new approach to steadily change both properties of Pt in electrocatalysis with downsizing of the Au nanoparticles. A combined tuning of Pt dispersion and its surface electronic structure is shown as a consequence of the changes in the size and valence-band structure of Au, which leads to significantly enhanced Pt mass-activity on the small Au nanoparticles. Fully dispersed Pt entities on the smallest Au nanoparticles (2 nm) exhibit the highest mass-activity to date towards formic acid electrooxidation, being 2 orders of magnitude (75–300 folds) higher than conventional Pt/C catalyst. Fundamental relationships correlating the Pt intrinsic activity in PtAu nanostructures with the experimentally determined surface electronic structures (d-band center energies) of the Pt entities and their underlying Au nanoparticles are established.