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Dust layer effects on the atmospheric radiative budget and heating rate profiles

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons37202

Kinne,  S.
The Atmosphere in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;
Observations and Process Studies, The Atmosphere in the Earth System, MPI for Meteorology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Perrone, M. R., Tafuro, A. M., & Kinne, S. (2012). Dust layer effects on the atmospheric radiative budget and heating rate profiles. Atmospheric Environment, 59, 344-354. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.06.012.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-E732-8
Abstract
The effect of mineral aerosol optical properties and vertical distribution on clear-sky, instantaneous and daily-average aerosol direct radiative effects (DREs) and heating rates (HRs) is analyzed in the solar (S, 0.3-4 μm) and terrestrial (T, 4-80 μm) spectral domain, respectively. The used radiative transfer model is based on lidar, sun-sky photometer, and radiosonde measurements. The study focuses on the Sahara dust outbreak of July 16, 2009 which advected dust particles from north-western Africa over south-eastern Italy. Clear-sky, instantaneous aerosol DREs and HRs undergo large changes within few hours, for the variability of the dust aerosol properties and vertical distribution. The daily-average, clear-sky aerosol S-DRE is near -5 Wm -2 and -12 Wm -2 at the top of the atmosphere (ToA) and surface (sfc), respectively. The daily-average aerosol T-DRE offsets the S-DRE by about one third at the ToA and by about one half at the surface. The daily average aerosol HR integrated over the whole aerosol column is 0.5 and -0.3 K day -1 in the S and T domain, respectively. Thus, the all-wave integrated HR is 0.2 K day -1. These results highlight the importance of accounting for the interaction of dust particles with T and S radiation. Sensitivity tests indicate that the uncertainties of the aerosol refractive index, size distribution, and vertical distribution have on average a large impact on aerosol HRs in the S and T domain, respectively. Refractive index and aerosol size distribution uncertainties also have a large impact on S- and T-DREs. The aerosol vertical distribution that has a negligible impact on aerosol S-DREs, is important for aerosol T-DREs. It is also shown that aerosol HRs and DREs in the terrestrial domain are affected by the water vapour vertical distribution. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.