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Ecological genetics of Norwegian Daphnia. 3. Clonal richness in an Arctic apomictic complex

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons56990

Weider,  Lawrence J.
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons57011

Wolf,  Hans Georg
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Hobæk, A., Weider, L. J., & Wolf, H. G. (1993). Ecological genetics of Norwegian Daphnia. 3. Clonal richness in an Arctic apomictic complex. Heredity, 71, 323-330.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-E3E2-9
Zusammenfassung
Arctic pond populations of Daphnia pulex on Svalbard, off the north Norwegian coast, were assayed for clonal richness. A total of 21 unique clones from 20 ponds were distinguished by allozyme electrophoresis at seven enzyme loci. Seventeen clones showed unbalanced electromorph banding patterns at certain enzyme loci, which suggests that they are polyploids. Each pond harboured an average of 1.7 clones (range 1-4). The most common clone was found in six ponds, and accounted for 23.5 per cent of all animals screened. Most clones were found only in one or two ponds. No discernible geographical patterns could be detected in clonal distributions, and all sampled areas held unique clones. The data suggest that our sampling effort has uncovered only a small subset of a much larger array of clones on this remote arctic archipelago, and indicates that the genetic structure of this apomictic complex is one of the most fragmented among asexual organisms.