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Journal Article

Nutritional suitability of some uni-algal diets for freshwater calanoids: unexpected inadequacies of commonly used edible greens and others

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons56717

Hart,  Rob C.
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons56898

Santer,  Barbara
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Hart, R. C., & Santer, B. (1994). Nutritional suitability of some uni-algal diets for freshwater calanoids: unexpected inadequacies of commonly used edible greens and others. Freshwater Biology, 31(1), 109-116.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-E39A-F
Abstract
1. Naupliar and copepodid development times (Dn and Dc, respectively) of two African freshwater calanoids (Metadiaptomus meridianus and Tropodiaptomus spectabilis) were measured on mono-specific diets of comparably sized Chlamydomonas reinhardii, Scenedesmus acutus, Cryptomonas sp., Rhodomonas minuta, Cyclotella meneghiniana, and Selenastrum capricornutum, to test the nutritional adequacy of these algae. Comparisons were made at a standard temperature (17 degrees C) and food supply level (1 mg Cl-1). 2. All diets other than Scenedesmus and Selenastrum supported complete naupliar development at broadly comparable times within and between calanoids, apart from greatly protracted Dn values for M. meridianus on Cyclotella. Dc durations were more variable between diet types, and both Chlamydomonas and Cyclotella were inferior or inadequate for copepodid development. 3. Both naupliar and copepodid stages ingested radiolabelled Scenedesmus and Selenastrum readily. Comparative incorporation rate measures of Selenastrum and Cryptomonas respectively exceeded estimated metabolic maintenance needs of stage 3/4 nauplii of T. spectabilis by some 56% and 790%. Scope for growth ('surplus' energy) was accordingly fourteen-fold greater on Cryptomonas than on Selenastrum/Scenedesmus. The dietary inadequacy of these two green algae is thus attributed largely to low digestibility, and perhaps some biochemical deficiency.