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Journal Article

The Phasmatodea and Raptophasma n. gen., Orthoptera incertae sedis, in Baltic Amber (Insecta: Orthoptera).


Zompro,  Oliver
Working Group Tropical Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Zompro, O. (2001). The Phasmatodea and Raptophasma n. gen., Orthoptera incertae sedis, in Baltic Amber (Insecta: Orthoptera). Mitteilungen des Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institutes der Universität Hamburg, 85, 229-261.

Cite as:
The stick insects (Orthoptera: Phasmatodea) in Baltic amber are revised. A new family of Areolatae, Archipseudophasmatidae n. fam., is introduced based on the genus Archipseudophasma n. gen., with the type-species A. phoenix n. sp., differing from the closely related two families, Heteronemiidae and Pseudophasmatidae, in the strongly elongated third segment of the antennae and the fully developed tegmina, projecting beyond the abdomen. It includes two subfamilies, of which only one is named. The second is based on nymphs only, which are useless to describe as new taxa. Pseudoperla lineata PICTET & BERENDT, 1854, represents a new genus of Archipseudophasmatinae: Balticophasmatini n. trib., Balticophasma n. gen., and is not a synonym of Pseudoperla gracilipes PICTET & BERENDT, 1854, as stated by HAGEN in GERMAR & BERENDT in BERENDT (1856: 39). Electrobaculum Sharov, 1968, is the only genus of Pseudophasmatidae: Pseudophasmatinae: Electrobaculini n. trib. Several of the specimens sent to the author for study are actually not phasmids but Orthoptera incertae sedis represented by Raptophasma n. gen., with the type-species R. kerneggeri n. sp. Even though this genus from the first glance looks quite similar to Mantodea, it appears to show more features characteristic of Phasmatodea.