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Journal Article

Life-history characteristics and fitness in descendents of parthenogenetic and ex-ephippio females of Daphnia magna

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons56575

Arbaciauskas,  Kestutis
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Arbaciauskas, K. (2004). Life-history characteristics and fitness in descendents of parthenogenetic and ex-ephippio females of Daphnia magna. Cladocera, 211-218.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-DA9C-1
Abstract
Daphnids of ex-ephippial and parthenogenetic origin differ substantially in life-history. Possible maternally transmitted ex-diapause effects of differing female origin on the fitness of their offspring were studied across multiple clones in Daphnia magna. Ex-ephippial daphnids responded in egg size to different constant food concentrations with the same pattern as parthenogenetic females. Significant differences in egg characteristics between females of different origin were only found for the first clutch produced under high food. The smaller size of eggs in ex-ephippial females, however, did not translate into size differences of first-clutch neonates. A trend for lower mass density per body volume was detected in offspring from ex-ephippial females in comparison with parthenogenetic daphnids. Hence, an ex-diapause effect transmitted by ex-ephippial mothers to their parthenogenetic offspring is likely. However, there was no difference in life-histories and fitness between offspring produced by females of ex-ephippial and parthenogenetic origin at both, high and low food concentrations across multiple clones. Thus, a significant ex-diapause effect on fitness in successive parthenogenetic generations may not be expected in D. magna at the population level