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Journal Article

Large variations in the ratio of effective breeding and census population sizes between two species of pond-breeding anurans

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons56608

Brede,  Edward G.
Working Group Tropical Ecology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Brede, E. G., & Beebee, T. J. C. (2006). Large variations in the ratio of effective breeding and census population sizes between two species of pond-breeding anurans. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 89(2), 365-372.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-D83D-9
Abstract
The viability of wild populations is frequently assessed by monitoring adult census sizes (N-c). This approach is particularly useful for pond-breeding amphibians, because assemblages during the breeding season are relatively easy to detect and count. However, it is the genetic effective population size (N-e) or surrogates such as effective breeding population size (N-b) that are of primary importance for long-term viability. Although N-c estimates of one anuran amphibian (Bufo bufo) in Britain were much larger than those of another (Rana temporaria) at the same sites, the ratios of N-b to N-c were much smaller in B. bufo than in R. temporaria. These differences were sufficiently great as to reverse the effective size order at one site, such that N-b for R. temporaria was larger than that for B. bufo. Differences in adult sex ratios at breeding sites probably contributed to lower N-b values in B. bufo populations compared with those of R. temporaria. The relationship of N-b to N-c can therefore vary dramatically even between similar species, to the extent that just monitoring N-c can give misleading impressions of relative effective breeding sizes and thus of population viability. It will be increasingly important to estimate N-e or N-b in wildlife populations for assessment of conservation priorities.