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Betaproteobacterial ammonia oxidizers in root zones of aquatic macrophytes

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons56590

Beier,  Sara
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons56764

Kim,  Ok-Sun
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons61277

Junier,  Pilar
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons57008

Witzel,  Karl-Paul
Department Ecophysiology, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Beier, S., Kim, O.-S., Junier, P., Bertilsson, S., & Witzel, K.-P. (2010). Betaproteobacterial ammonia oxidizers in root zones of aquatic macrophytes. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, 177(4), 241-255. doi:10.1127/1863-9135/2010/0177-0241.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-D46A-1
Zusammenfassung
Enhanced nitrifi cation and coupled denitrifi cation in macrophyte root zones may contribute to the depletion of nitrogen from the rhizosphere and are both critical processes for agriculture and rhizoremediation. We examined one factor likely to affect these processes: the ammonia oxidizing betaproteobacterial community composition, and whether or not it is infl uenced by plant species (Eleocharis acicularis, Eleocharis palustris, Typha angustifolia) or sediment characteristics. Genes coding for ammonia monooxygenase (amoA) and 16S rRNA of betaproteobacterial ammonia oxidizers were targeted. The betaproteobacterial ammonia oxidizing community in root surface biofi lms was distinct from the surrounding rhizosphere sediment. In contrast, communities in rhizosphere and bulk sediment samples were very similar. Our results showed the occurrence of Nitrosomonas europaea- like bacteria nearly exclusively in the rhizoplane biofi lms, while sequences affi liated with the Nitrosomonas oligotropha, Nitrosomonas communis and Nitrosospira-lineages were more frequently detected in the surrounding sediment. Our results further suggest that the presence of N. europaea on macrophyte roots depends on the sampling site rather than on the studied macrophyte species. We propose that the rhizoplane of aquatic macrophytes is a natural habitat for N. europaea.