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Journal Article

PHYLOGENETIC SYSTEM AND ZOOGEOGRAPHY OF THE PLECOPTERA

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons57026

Zwick,  Peter
Limnological River Station Schlitz, Max Planck Institute for Limnology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Zwick, P. (2000). PHYLOGENETIC SYSTEM AND ZOOGEOGRAPHY OF THE PLECOPTERA. Annual Review of Entomology, 45, 709-746. doi:10.1146/annurev.ento.45.1.709.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-C878-4
Abstract
Information about the phylogenetic relationships of Plecoptera is summarized. The few characters supporting monophyly of the order are outlined. Several characters of possible significance for the search for the closest relatives of the stoneflies are discussed, but the sister-group of the order remains unknown. Numerous characters supporting the presently recognized phylogenetic system of Plecoptera are presented, alternative classifications are discussed, and suggestions for future studies are made. Notes on zoogeography are appended. The order as such is old (Permian fossils), but phylogenetic relationships and global distribution patterns suggest that evolution of the extant suborders started with the breakup of Pangaea. There is evidence of extensive recent speciation in all parts of the world.