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Generation of MeV electrons and positrons with femtosecond pulses from a table-top laser system

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons60502

Gahn,  C.
Laser Plasma Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons60890

Tsakiris,  G. D.
Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Laser Plasma Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons60770

Pretzler,  G.
Laser Plasma Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons60946

Witte,  K. J.
Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Laser Plasma Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons60534

Habs,  D.
Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;
Laser Plasma Physics, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Gahn, C., Tsakiris, G. D., Pretzler, G., Witte, K. J., Thirolf, P., Habs, D., et al. (2002). Generation of MeV electrons and positrons with femtosecond pulses from a table-top laser system. Physics of Plasmas, 9(3), 987-999. Retrieved from http://ojps.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=PHPAEN000009000003000987000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=Yes.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-C243-6
Abstract
In experiments, the feasibility was demonstrated of generating multi-MeV electrons in a form of a collimated beam utilizing a table-top laser system delivering 200 fs pulses with PL=1.2 TW and 10 Hz capability. The method uses the process of relativistic self-channeling in a high-density gas jet producing electron densities in the range of 3x1019-6x1020 cm-3. In a thorough investigation, angularly resolved and absolutely calibrated electron spectra were measured and their dependence on the plasma density, laser intensity, and gas medium was studied. For the optimum electron density of ne=2x1020cm-3 the effective temperature of the electron energy distribution and the channel length exhibit a maximum of 5 MeV and 400 μm respectively. The laser-energy to-MeV- electron efficiency is estimated to be 5%. In a second step, utilizing the multi-MeV electron beam anti-particles, namely positrons, were successfully generated in a 2 mm Pb converter. The average intensity of this new source of positrons is estimated to be equivalent to a radioactivity of 2x108 Bq and it exhibits a very favorable scaling for higher laser intensities. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics.