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Journal Article

Fermionizing a small gas of ultracold bosons


Paredes,  Belen
Theory, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

Cirac,  J. Ignacio
Theory, Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, Max Planck Society;

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Paredes, B., Zoller, P., & Cirac, J. I. (2002). Fermionizing a small gas of ultracold bosons. Physical Review A, 66(3): 033609. 033609. Retrieved from

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We study the physics of a rapidly rotating gas of ultracold atomic bosons, with an internal degree of freedom. We show that in the limit of rapid rotation of the trap the problem exactly maps onto that of noninteracting fermions with spin in the lowest Landau level. The spectrum of the real bosonic system is identical to the one of the effective fermions, with the same eigenvalues and the same density of states. When the ratio of the number of atoms to the spin degeneracy is an integer number, the ground state for the effective fermions is an integer quantum Hall state. The corresponding bosonic state is a fractional quantum Hall liquid whose filling factor ranges in the sequence ν=1/2,2/3,3/4,..., as the spin degeneracy increases. Anyons with 1/2,1/3,1/4,... statistics can be created by inserting lasers with the appropriate polarizations. A special situation appears when the spin degeneracy equals the number of atoms in the gas. The ground state is then the product of a completely antisymmetric spin state and a ν=1 Laughlin state. In this case the system exhibits fermionic excitations with fermionic statistics although the real components are bosonic atoms.