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#### Accurate Simulations of Binary Black-Hole Mergers in Force-Free Electrodynamics

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##### Fulltext (public)

1204.2226

(Preprint), 3MB

APJ_754_1_36.pdf

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##### Supplementary Material (public)

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##### Citation

Alic, D., Moesta, P., Rezzolla, L., Zanotti, O., & Jaramillo, J. L. (2012). Accurate
Simulations of Binary Black-Hole Mergers in Force-Free Electrodynamics.* Astrophysical Journal,*
*754*: 36. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/754/1/36.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-A8AF-D

##### Abstract

We provide additional information on our recent study of the electromagnetic
emission produced during the inspiral and merger of supermassive black holes
when these are immersed in a force-free plasma threaded by a uniform magnetic
field. As anticipated in a recent letter, our results show that although a
dual-jet structure is present, the associated luminosity is ~ 100 times smaller
than the total one, which is predominantly quadrupolar. We here discuss the
details of our implementation of the equations in which the force-free
condition is not implemented at a discrete level, but rather obtained via a
damping scheme which drives the solution to satisfy the correct condition. We
show that this is important for a correct and accurate description of the
current sheets that can develop in the course of the simulation. We also study
in greater detail the three-dimensional charge distribution produced as a
consequence of the inspiral and show that during the inspiral it possesses a
complex but ordered structure which traces the motion of the two black holes.
Finally, we provide quantitative estimates of the scaling of the
electromagnetic emission with frequency, with the diffused part having a
dependence that is the same as the gravitational-wave one and that scales as L
~ Omega^{10/3-8/3}, while the collimated one scales as L ~ Omega^{5/3-6/3},
thus with a steeper dependence than previously estimated. We discuss the impact
of these results on the potential detectability of dual jets from supermassive
black holes and the steps necessary for more accurate estimates.