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Journal Article

Topology of silica supported vanadium–titanium oxide catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons21595

Hamilton,  Neil
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22251

Wolfram,  Till
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22182

Tzolova-Müller,  Genka
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons21766

Kröhnert,  Jutta
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22181

Trunschke,  Annette
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22071

Schlögl,  Robert
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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c2cy00541g.pdf
(Publisher version), 16MB

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Citation

Hamilton, N., Wolfram, T., Tzolova-Müller, G., Hävecker, M., Kröhnert, J., Carrero, C., et al. (2012). Topology of silica supported vanadium–titanium oxide catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. Catalysis science & technology, 2(7), 1346-1359. doi:10.1039/C2CY00541G.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-A386-F
Abstract
Two-dimensional vanadia and titania surface clusters were hosted on the walls of the hierarchical pore system of mesoporous silica SBA-15. The topology of the catalyst surface was varied by sequential grafting of vanadium and titanium alkoxides generating an extended library of mixed (VOx)n–(TiOx)n/SBA-15 catalysts. The surface of the catalysts was analyzed by FTIR, UV-vis, Raman, and NEXAFS spectroscopy. Electron microscopy, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, and nitrogen adsorption have been applied to characterize chemical composition, micro- and meso-structure of the materials. Segregation of nano-crystalline vanadia and titania particles was excluded by UV-vis, Raman and NEXAFS spectroscopy. Monolayer coverage of titanium oxide surface species has been achieved in the range between 17 and 19 wt% Ti loading corresponding to 6–8 Ti atoms per nmcat2 and Si/Ti ratios between 3.3 and 2.8. Up to a critical total metal loading, vanadia is grafted on both the silica surface and surface titania species yielding tetrahedrally coordinated vanadium oxo-species characterized by low nuclearity and moderate catalytic activity. A volcano-type dependency with respect to the propylene space-time yield has been observed in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. The maximum in productivity of propylene is attributed to a particular surface topology that is characterized by (VOx)n islands embedded in a matrix of dispersed titania species forming an almost complete combined vanadia–titania monolayer on the silica surface.