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Structural investigation of Silicalite-I loaded with n-hexane by X-ray diffraction, Si-29 MAS NMR, and molecular modeling

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons58398

Angermund,  K.
Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;
Research Department Thiel, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Morell, H., Angermund, K., Lewis, A. R., Brouwer, D. H., Fyfe, C. A., & Gies, H. (2002). Structural investigation of Silicalite-I loaded with n-hexane by X-ray diffraction, Si-29 MAS NMR, and molecular modeling. Chemistry of Materials, 14(5), 2192-2198. doi:10.1021/cm011267f.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-99EB-D
Abstract
The room temperature (298 K) structure of zeolite Silicalite-I loaded with approximately eight n-hexane molecules per unit cell was solved from twinned single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) data in the monoclinic space group P12(1)/n1 with a = 19.8247(2) Angstrom, b = 20.1292(2) Angstrom, c = 13.4510(2) Angstrom, and beta = 90.29(8)degrees. At this temperature, the guest molecules are dynamically disordered and distributed throughout the entire channel system. The structure determined from a Rietveld refinement of room-temperature powder XRD data, which is not affected by the twinning, confirmed this. A twinned crystal refinement was also carried out for data collected at 180 K (P12(1)/n1, a = 19.9310(2) Angstrom, b = 20.1730(3) degrees, c = 13.4191(3) Angstrom, = 90.20(5)degrees). At 180 K, the sorption sites of the n-hexane molecules are well-defined within the channel system, being located only in the straight and sinusoidal channels, leaving the intersections unoccupied. This ordering is commensurate with the framework structure of Silicalite-I. Si-29 HPDEC MAS NMR shows that the loading of n-hexane induces a phase transition to an orthorhombic space group (most likely Pnma) only above 340 K. Force field simulations confirm that the absorption of n-hexane molecules occurs only inside the straight and sinusoidal channels and leads to an energetically minimized host-guest structure. By optimizing the van der Waals interactions between the n-hexane molecules and the silica host framework, the nonbonding energy is minimized, leading to a general minimization of the total potential energy, and the energetically most favorable structure is obtained.