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AMPA Receptors Commandeer an Ancient Cargo Exporter for Use as an Auxiliary Subunit for Signaling

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons38792

Cokic,  Barbara
Max Planck Research Group: Synaptic Receptor Trafficking / Stein, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society;

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journal.pone.0030681.pdf
(beliebiger Volltext), 465KB

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Zitation

Harmel, N., Cokic, B., Zolles, G., Berkefeld, H., Mauric, V., Fakler, B., et al. (2012). AMPA Receptors Commandeer an Ancient Cargo Exporter for Use as an Auxiliary Subunit for Signaling. PLOS ONE, 7(1): e30681, pp. [1]-[9]. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030681.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-8597-A
Zusammenfassung
Fast excitatory neurotransmission in the mammalian central nervous system is mainly mediated by ionotropic glutamate receptors of the AMPA subtype (AMPARs). AMPARs are protein complexes of the pore-lining alpha-subunits GluA1-4 and auxiliary beta-subunits modulating their trafficking and gating. By a proteomic approach, two homologues of the cargo exporter cornichon, CNIH-2 and CNIH-3, have recently been identified as constituents of native AMPARs in mammalian brain. In heterologous reconstitution experiments, CNIH-2 promotes surface expression of GluAs and modulates their biophysical properties. However, its relevance in native AMPAR physiology remains controversial. Here, we have studied the role of CNIH-2 in GluA processing both in heterologous cells and primary rat neurons. Our data demonstrate that CNIH-2 serves an evolutionarily conserved role as a cargo exporter from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). CNIH-2 cycles continuously between ER and Golgi complex to pick up cargo protein in the ER and then to mediate its preferential export in a coat protein complex (COP) II dependent manner. Interaction with GluA subunits breaks with this ancestral role of CNIH-2 confined to the early secretory pathway. While still taking advantage of being exported preferentially from the ER, GluAs recruit CNIH-2 to the cell surface. Thus, mammalian AMPARs commandeer CNIH-2 for use as a bona fide auxiliary subunit that is able to modify receptor signaling.