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Journal Article

A non-auditory measure of interference predicts distraction by competing speech in older adults

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons81

Janse,  Esther
Utrecht institute of Linguistics, Utrecht University, The Netherlands;
Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society;

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Janse_Aging_Neuropsy_Cogn_2012.pdf
(Publisher version), 195KB

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Citation

Janse, E. (2012). A non-auditory measure of interference predicts distraction by competing speech in older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 19, 741-758. doi:10.1080/13825585.2011.652590.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-8415-9
Abstract
In this study, older adults monitored for pre-assigned target sounds in a target talker's speech in a quiet (no noise) condition and in a condition with competing-talker noise. The question was to which extent the impact of the competing-talker noise on performance could be predicted from individual hearing loss and from a cognitive measure of inhibitory abilities, i.e., a measure of Stroop interference. The results showed that the non-auditory measure of Stroop interference predicted the impact of distraction on performance, over and above the effect of hearing loss. This suggests that individual differences in inhibitory abilities among older adults relate to susceptibility to distracting speech.