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Study on the heteroatom influence in pyridine-based nitronyl nitroxide biradicals with phenylethynyl spacers on the molecular ground state

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48631

Rajadurai,  C.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48084

Ivanova,  A.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons47843

Enkelmann,  Volker
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons47624

Baumgarten,  Martin
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Rajadurai, C., Ivanova, A., Enkelmann, V., & Baumgarten, M. (2003). Study on the heteroatom influence in pyridine-based nitronyl nitroxide biradicals with phenylethynyl spacers on the molecular ground state. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 68(26), 9907-9915.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-63D5-0
Abstract
Novel pyridine-based nitronyl nitroxide (NIT) biradicals, 3,5-bis[4-(1-oxyl-3-oxo-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazolin-2-yl)phenylethynyl)]pyridine (1) and 2,6-bis[4-(1-oxyl-3-oxo-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazolin-2-yl)phenylethynyl)]pyridine (2), and monoradicals, 4-(5-bromopyridine-3-ylethynyl)-1-(1-oxyl-3-oxo-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazolin-2-yl)benzene (3), 4-trimethylsilylethynyl-1-(1-oxyl-3-oxo-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazolin-2-yl)benzene (4), and 4-trimethylsilylethynyl-1-(1-oxyl-3-oxo-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazolin-2-yl)pyridine (5), were synthesized and investigated by ESR and UV-vis spectroscopy. The solution EPR measurements of the biradicals gave well-resolved, nine-line spectra with exact half line spacing as compared to monoradicals (giso = 2.0067) with isotropic line spacing \aN\= 7.36 G. This indicates strong, intramolecular exchange coupling (J >> 7 × 10-4 cm-1; J/aNN >> 1) of the biradicals with in the limit of EPR. The temperature dependence on the Δms = ±2 signal intensity of biradicals follow Curie behavior down to 4 K ascertaining the triplet ground state or its near-degeneracy with the singlet state. UV-vis studies of 1-5 show characteristic differences in the extinctions of n-π* transitions around 600 nm. Both biradicals 1 and 2 were crystallized in monoclinic space groups C2/c and P21/a with the intraradical distances 1.54 and 1.47 nm, respectively. Computational studies of the biradicals 1, 2, and 1,3-bis[4-(1-oxyl-3-oxo-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazolin-2-yl)phenylethynyl)]benzene (T) were performed by the AM1/CAS(8,8) method to calculate the singlet-triplet (ΔEST) energy difference and the spin density distribution. Results show that the position of the pyridyl nitrogen in 1 and 2 in comparison with T does not alter the triplet ground-state spin multiplicities supporting the obtained experimental results.