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Structure and magnetic properties of polydisperse ferrofluids: A molecular dynamics study

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48965

Wang,  Z. W.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48054

Holm,  Christian
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Wang, Z. W., & Holm, C. (2003). Structure and magnetic properties of polydisperse ferrofluids: A molecular dynamics study. Physical Review E, 68(4): 041401.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-63A6-B
Zusammenfassung
We study by Langevin molecular dynamics simulations systematically the influence of polydispersity in the particle size, and subsequently in the dipole moment, on the physical properties of ferrofluids. The polydispersity is in a first approximation modeled by a bidisperse system that consists of small and large particles at different ratios of their volume fractions. In the first part of our investigations the total volume fraction of the system is fixed, and the volume fraction ΦL of the large particles is varied. The initial susceptibility χ and magnetization curve of the systems show a strong dependence on the value of ΦL. With the increase of ΦL, the magnetization M of the system has a much faster increment at weak fields, and thus leads to a larger χ. We performed a cluster analysis that indicates that this is due to the aggregation of the large particles in the systems. The average size of these clusters increases with increasing ΦL. In the second part of our investigations, we fixed the volume fraction of the large particles, and increased the volume fraction ΦS of the small particles in order to study their influence on the chain formation of the large ones. We found that the average aggregate size formed by large particles decreases when ΦS is increased, demonstrating a significant effect of the small particles on the structural properties of the system. A topological analysis of the structure reveals that the majority of the small particles remain nonaggregated. Only a small number of them are attracted to the ends of the chains formed by large particles.