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The influence of sodium ethene sulphonate comonomer on the film formation process of poly(vinyl acetate) dispersions

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48178

Kindervater,  P.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons49003

Wilhelm,  Manfred
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48251

Landfester,  Katharina
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48786

Spiess,  Hans Wolfgang
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Rottstegge, J., Kindervater, P., Wilhelm, M., Landfester, K., Heldmann, C., Fischer, J. P., et al. (2003). The influence of sodium ethene sulphonate comonomer on the film formation process of poly(vinyl acetate) dispersions. Colloid and Polymer Science, 281(12), 1111-1120.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-6370-3
Zusammenfassung
Various latex dispersions from vinyl acetate/sodium ethene sulphonate (sodium vinyl sulphonate) copolymers, stabilised by a constant amount of Hostapal BV, a surfactant with poly(ethylene oxide) groups, were investigated by a variety of solid and liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance methods. In order to investigate the influence of sodium ethene sulphonate on the film formation process, the serum and polymer were analysed separately. The stoichiometric monomer composition of the copolymer in the aqueous phase and in the hydrophobic particles was obtained. The ionic comonomer is enriched at the particle surface via its proximity to the applied surfactant by two-dimensional exchange NMR. For investigations of the film formation process, latex dispersions were prepared and dried to form spatially homogeneous films at different defined solid contents. Depending on the chemical composition of a chosen dispersion, NMR allows the investigation of the drying process of the water. The drying process is a function of the ionic strength of the dispersion and the hydrophilicity of the polymer. It is correlated to the drying mechanism of the water within the film. A not fully dried film contains external water outside the particles, water at ionic and non-ionic groups at surfactants in the polymer water interface and, additionally, water in the swollen and mobilised polymer. The distribution of water to these environments is markedly changed by the ionic comonomer, especially close to the end of the drying process.