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Journal Article

Axial Solvent Coordination in "Base-Off" Cob(II)alamin and Related Co(II)-Corrinates Revealed by 2D-EPR


Jeschke,  Gunnar
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Van Doorslaer, S., Jeschke, G., Epel, B., Goldfarb, D., Eichel, R. A., Kräutler, B., et al. (2003). Axial Solvent Coordination in "Base-Off" Cob(II)alamin and Related Co(II)-Corrinates Revealed by 2D-EPR. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125(19), 5915-5927.

Cite as:
Detailed information on the structure of cobalt(II) corrinates is of interest in the context of studies on the coenzyme B12 catalyzed enzymatic reactions, where cob(II)alamin has been identified as a reaction intermediate. Cob(II)ester (heptamethyl cobyrinate perchlorate) is found to be soluble in both polar and nonpolar solvents and is therefore very suitable to study solvent effects on Co(II) corrinates. In the literature, Co(II) corrinates in solution are often addressed as four-coordinated Co(II) corrins. However, using a combination of continuous-wave (CW) and pulse electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and pulse ENDOR (electron nuclear double resonance) at different microwave frequencies we clearly prove axial ligation for Cob(II)ester and the base-off form of cob(II)alamin (B12r) in different solvents. This goal is achieved by the analysis of the g values, and the hyperfine couplings of cobalt, some corrin nitrogens and hydrogens, and solvent protons. These parameters are shown to be very sensitive to changes in the solvent ligation. Density functional computations (DFT) facilitate largely the interpretation of the EPR data. In the CW-EPR spectrum of Cob(II)ester in methanol, a second component appears below 100 K. Different cooling experiments suggest that this observation is related to the phase transition of methanol from the α-phase to the glassy state. A detailed analysis of the EPR parameters indicates that this transition induces a change from a five-coordinated (above 100 K) to a six-coordinated (below 100 K) Co(II) corrin. In a CH3OH:H2O mixture the phase-transition properties alter and only the five-coordinated form is detected for Cob(II)ester and for base-off B12r at all temperatures. Our study thus shows that the characteristics of the solvent can have a large influence on the structure of Co(II) corrinates and that comparison with the protein-embedded cofactor requires some caution. Finally, the spectral similarities between Cob(II)ester and base-off B12r prove the analogies in their electronic structure.