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Surface Plasmon Field-Enhanced Fluorescence Spectroscopy Studies of the Interaction between an Antibody and its Surface-Coupled Antigen

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons49056

Yu,  F.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons49042

Yao,  D. F.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48198

Knoll,  Wolfgang
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Yu, F., Yao, D. F., & Knoll, W. (2003). Surface Plasmon Field-Enhanced Fluorescence Spectroscopy Studies of the Interaction between an Antibody and its Surface-Coupled Antigen. Analytical Chemistry, 75(11), 2610-2617.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-62E1-B
Zusammenfassung
Surface plasmon field-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy (SPFS) uses the greatly enhanced electromagnetic field of a surface plasmon mode for the excitation of surface-confined fluorophores. The ability to simultaneously monitor the interfacial refractive index changes and the fluorescence signals in real time offers a huge potential for applications of SPFS in surface immunoreaction detection. In this study, gold surfaces were functionalized by mixed self-assembled monolayers exposing an antigen (biotin) at a density that was varied over a wide range. Specific antibody-antigen interactions were observed for anti-biotin antibody solutions passing over the surfaces with a rather high flow speed driven by a home-built liquid-handling system. First, the use of the fluorophores Cy5 and Alexa Fluor 647 in SFPS-based immunoassays was investigated. It was found that Cy5 exhibits strong self-quenching, which makes it rather unsuitable for quantitative measurements. For the in situ measurement of the binding kinetics, an angular "detuning" effect was confirmed to negatively interfere with the fluorescence signal in cases where large SPR signals were detected. An in-depth comparison between the SPR and the fluorescence signal reveals that the fluorescence yield of the dyes depends strongly on the separation distance from the gold surface. And finally, we stress the ability of SPFS to detect binding to surfaces containing extremely diluted antigen density, where the SPR signal failed to follow.