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Synthesis and ring-opening (co)polymerization of L-lysine N-carboxyanhydrides containing labile side-chain protective groups

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48023

Hernandez,  J. R.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons48195

Klok,  Harm-Anton
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Zitation

Hernandez, J. R., & Klok, H.-A. (2003). Synthesis and ring-opening (co)polymerization of L-lysine N-carboxyanhydrides containing labile side-chain protective groups. Journal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry, 41(9), 1167-1187.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-6212-E
Zusammenfassung
This contribution describes the synthesis and ring-opening (co)polymerization of several L-lysine N-carboxyanhydrides (NCAs) that contain labile protective groups at the is an element of-NH2, position. Four of the following L-Iysine NCAs were investigated: N-is an element of-trifluoroacetyl-L-lysine N-carboxyanhydride, N-is an element of-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-L- lysine N-carboxyanhydride, N-is an element of-(9- fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl)-L-lysine N-carboxyanhydride, and N-is an element of-(6-nitroveratryloxycarbonyl)-L-lysine N- carboxyanhydride. In contrast to the harsh conditions that are required for acidolysis of benzyl carbamate moieties, which are usually used to protect the is an element of-NH2, position Of L-lysine during NCA polymerization, the protective groups of the L-lysine NCAs presented here can be removed under mildly acidic or basic conditions or by photolysis. As a consequence, these monomers may allow access to novel peptide hybrid materials that cannot be prepared from E-benzyloxycarbonyl-L- lysine N-carboxyanhydride (Z-Lys NCA) because of side reactions that accompany the removal of the Z groups. By copolymerization of these L-lysine NCAs with labile protective groups, either with each other or with γ-benzyl-L-glutamate N- carboxyanhydride or Z-Lys NCA, orthogonally side-chain- protected copolypeptides with number-average degrees of polymerization : 20 were obtained. Such copolypeptides, which contain different side-chain protective groups that can be removed independently, are interesting for the synthesis of complex polypeptide architectures or can be used as scaffolds for the preparation of synthetic antigens or protein mimetics. (C) 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.