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Core-shell macromolecules with dendritic polyphenylene core and polymer shells


Atanasov,  Vladimir M.
MPI for Polymer Research, Max Planck Society;

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Atanasov, V. M. (2004). Core-shell macromolecules with dendritic polyphenylene core and polymer shells. PhD Thesis, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz.

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Inhaltszusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache (englisch) Core-shell macromolecules with dendritic polyphenylene core and polymer shell Zusammenfassung / Abstract Core-shell macromolecular structures have become of great interest in materials science because they gave an opportunity to combine a large variety of chemical and physical properties in the single molecule, by combination of different (in terms of chemistry and physics) cores and shells. The interest in such complex structures was provoked by their potential applications in the coating and painting industry (latexes), as supports for catalysts in polymer industry, or as nano-containers and transporters for genes or drug delivery. The aim of this study was the synthesis, characterization and further application of core-shell macromolecules possessing a hydrophobic stiff core (polyphenylene dendrimers) surrounded with a hydrophilic, soft, covalently bonded polymer shell (poly(ethylene oxide) and its copolymers). The requirements for such complex substances were that they should be well-defined in terms of molecular weight (narrow molecular weight distribution) and in molecular structure. The preparation of core-shell molecules containing dendrimer as a core was possible via two synthetic routs: “grafting-onto” and “grafting-from”. The resulting core-shell macromolecules possessed narrow polydispersity as guaranteed by the excellent structural and functional definition of the dendrimer and the narrow polydispersity of the PEO, PS-b-PEO and PI-b-PEO attached to the dendrimer surface. Additional investigation of the size of the particles indicated a relation between both the length and the number of the polymer chains and the hydrodynamic radius determined by Dynamic Light Scattering and Fluorescent Correlation Spectroscopy. Core-shell nano-particles were applied as metallocene supports in heterogeneous olefin polymerizations. Our results indicate that such catalyst systems, that have a size of at least one order of magnitude smaller than the used by now organic supports, could be very useful as model compounds for investigations on catalyst fragmentation and its influence on the product parameters.