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Structural and electrochemical properties of nanostructured nickel silicides by reduction and silicification of high-surface-area nickel oxide

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http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22288

Zhang,  Bing Sen
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons22148

Su,  Dang Sheng
Inorganic Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Chen, X., Zhang, B. S., Li, C., Shao, Z., Su, D. S., Williams, C. T., et al. (2012). Structural and electrochemical properties of nanostructured nickel silicides by reduction and silicification of high-surface-area nickel oxide. Materials Research Bulletin, 47(3), 867-877. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2011.11.019.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-501E-3
Abstract
Nanostructured nickel silicides have been prepared by reduction and silicification of high-surface-area nickel oxide (145 m2 g-1) produced via precipitation. The prepared materials were characterized by nitrogen adsorption, X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, FT-IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, magnetic and electrochemical measurements. The nickel silicide formation involves the following sequence: NiO (cubic) - Ni (cubic) - Ni2Si (orthorhombic) - NiSi (orthorhombic) - NiSi2 (cubic), with particles growing from 13.7 to 21.3 nm. The nickel silicides are ferromagnetic at room temperature, and their saturation magnetization values change drastically with the increase of Si content. Nickel silicides have remarkably low electrical resistivity and noble metal-like properties because of a constriction of the Ni d band and an increase of the electronic density of states. The results suggest that such silicides are promising candidates as inexpensive yet functional materials for applications in electrochemistry as well as catalysis.loss of the activity.