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Development and comparison of two assay formats for parallel detection of four biothreat pathogens by using suspension microarrays

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Janse_et_al_2012_Plos_one.pdf
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Citation

Janse, I., Bok, J., Hamidjaja, R. A., Hodemaekers, H. M., & van Rotterdam, B. J. (2012). Development and comparison of two assay formats for parallel detection of four biothreat pathogens by using suspension microarrays. PLoS One, 7(2), e31958. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031958.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-4F59-6
Abstract
Microarrays provide a powerful analytical tool for the simultaneous detection of multiple pathogens. We developed diagnostic suspension microarrays for sensitive and specific detection of the biothreat pathogens Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Francisella tularensis and Coxiella burnetii. Two assay chemistries for amplification and labeling were developed, one method using direct hybridization and the other using target-specific primer extension, combined with hybridization to universal arrays. Asymmetric PCR products for both assay chemistries were produced by using a multiplex asymmetric PCR amplifying 16 DNA signatures (16-plex). The performances of both assay chemistries were compared and their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. The developed microarrays detected multiple signature sequences and an internal control which made it possible to confidently identify the targeted pathogens and assess their virulence potential. The microarrays were highly specific and detected various strains of the targeted pathogens. Detection limits for the different pathogen signatures were similar or slightly higher compared to real-time PCR. Probit analysis showed that even a few genomic copies could be detected with 95% confidence. The microarrays detected DNA from different pathogens mixed in different ratios and from spiked or naturally contaminated samples. The assays that were developed have a potential for application in surveillance and diagnostics. © 2012 Janse et al.