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One-sided Stability of Medial Axis Transform


Choi,  Sung Woo
Computer Graphics, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

Seidel,  Hans-Peter
Computer Graphics, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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Choi, S. W., & Seidel, H.-P. (2001). One-sided Stability of Medial Axis Transform. In B. Radig, & S. Florczyk (Eds.), Proceedings of Pattern Recognition, 23rd DAGM Symposium (pp. 132-139). Vienna, Austria: Springer.

Medial axis transform (MAT) is very sensitive to the noise, in the sense that, even if a shape is perturbed only slightly, the Hausdorff distance between the MATs of the original shape and the perturbed one may be large. But it turns out that MAT is stable, if we view this phenomenon with the one-sided Hausdorff distance, rather than with the two-sided Hausdorff distance. In this paper, we show that, if the original domain is weakly injective, which means that the MAT of the domain has no end point which is the center of an inscribed circle osculating the boundary at only one point, the one-sided Hausdorff distance of the original domain's MAT with respect to that of the perturbed one is bounded linearly with the Hausdorff distance of the perturbation. We also show by example that the linearity of this bound cannot be achieved for the domains which are not weakly injective. In particular, these results apply to the domains with the sharp corners, which were excluded in the past. One consequence of these results is that we can clarify theoretically the notion of extracting ``the essential part of the MAT'', which is the heart of the existing pruning methods.