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New Acquisition Techniques for Real Objects and Light Sources in Computer Graphics


Goesele,  Michael
Computer Graphics, MPI for Informatics, Max Planck Society;

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Goesele, M. (2004). New Acquisition Techniques for Real Objects and Light Sources in Computer Graphics. Norderstedt: Books on Demand.

Accurate representations of objects and light sources in a scene model are a crucial prerequisite for realistic image synthesis using computer graphics techniques. This thesis presents techniques for the efficient acquisition of real world objects and real world light sources, as well as an assessment of the quality of the acquired models. Making use of color management techniques, we setup an appearance reproduction pipeline that ensures best-possible reproduction of local light reflection with the available input and output devices. We introduce a hierarchical model for the subsurface light transport in translucent objects, derive an acquisition methodology, and acquire models of several translucent objects that can be rendered interactively. Since geometry models of real world objects are often acquired using 3D range scanners, we also present a method based on the concept of modulation transfer functions to evaluate their accuracy. In order to illuminate a scene with realistic light sources, we propose a method to acquire a model of the near-field emission pattern of a light source with optical prefiltering. We apply this method to several light sources with different emission characteristics and demonstrate the integration of the acquired models into both, global illumination as well as hardware-accelerated rendering systems.