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Journal Article

Negative optical inertia for enhancing the sensitivity of future gravitational-wave detectors

MPS-Authors
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons40482

Mueller-Ebhardt,  Helge
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons4285

Chen,  Yanbei
Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Fulltext (public)

1010.1124
(Preprint), 639KB

PRD83_062003.pdf
(Any fulltext), 623KB

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There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Khalili, F., Danilishin, S., Mueller-Ebhardt, H., Miao, H., Chen, Y., & Zhao, C. (2011). Negative optical inertia for enhancing the sensitivity of future gravitational-wave detectors. Physical Review D, 83(6): 062003. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.062003.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-08EE-5
Abstract
We consider enhancing the sensitivity of future gravitational-wave detectors by using double optical spring. When the power, detuning and bandwidth of the two carriers are chosen appropriately, the effect of the double optical spring can be described as a "negative inertia", which cancels the positive inertia of the test masses and thus increases their response to gravitational waves. This allows us to surpass the free-mass Standard Quantum Limit (SQL) over a broad frequency band, through signal amplification, rather than noise cancelation, which has been the case for all broadband SQL-beating schemes so far considered for gravitational-wave detectors. The merit of such signal amplification schemes lies in the fact that they are less susceptible to optical losses than noise cancelation schemes. We show that it is feasible to demonstrate such an effect with the {\it Gingin High Optical Power Test Facility}, and it can eventually be implemented in future advanced GW detectors.