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Laser interferometry with translucent and absorbing mechanical oscillators

MPG-Autoren
http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons40449

Friedrich,  D.
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons40461

Kaufer,  H.
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons40510

Westphal,  T.
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons4283

Yamamoto,  K.
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons40453

Goßler,  S.
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons40437

Danzmann,  K.
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/persons/resource/persons40490

Schnabel,  R.
Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

Externe Ressourcen
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Volltexte (frei zugänglich)

1104.3251
(Preprint), 706KB

NewJoPhys_13_9_093017.pdf
(Verlagsversion), 731KB

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Zitation

Friedrich, D., Kaufer, H., Westphal, T., Yamamoto, K., Sawadsky, A., Khalili, F. Y., et al. (2011). Laser interferometry with translucent and absorbing mechanical oscillators. New Journal of Physics, 13: 093017. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/13/9/093017.


Zitierlink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-03EB-A
Zusammenfassung
The sensitivity of laser interferometers can be pushed into regimes that enable the direct observation of quantum behaviour of mechanical oscillators. In the past, membranes with subwavelength thickness (thin films) have been proposed as high-mechanical-quality, low-thermal-noise oscillators. Thin films from a homogenous material, however, generally show considerable light transmission accompanied by heating due to light absorption, which typically reduces the mechanical quality and limits quantum opto-mechanical experiments in particular at low temperatures. In this work, we experimentally analyze a Michelson-Sagnac interferometer including a translucent silicon nitride (SiN) membrane with subwavelength thickness. We find that such an interferometer provides an operational point being optimally suited for quantum opto-mechanical experiments with translucent oscillators. In case of a balanced beam splitter of the interferometer, the membrane can be placed at a node of the electro-magnetic field, which simultaneously provides lowest absorption and optimum laser noise rejection at the signal port. We compare the optical and mechanical model of our interferometer with experimental data and confirm that the SiN membrane can be coupled to a laser power of the order of one Watt at 1064 nm without significantly degrading the membrane's quality factor of the order 10^6, at room temperature.