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  Analysis of first LIGO science data for stochastic gravitational waves

Abbott, B., Abbott, F., Adhikari, R., Ageev, A., Allen, B., Amin, R., et al. (2004). Analysis of first LIGO science data for stochastic gravitational waves. Physical Review D, 69(12): 122004. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.69.122004.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-72FD-4 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0026-A42E-C
Genre: Journal Article

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Abbott, B.1, Author
Abbott, F.1, Author
Adhikari, R.1, Author
Ageev, A.1, Author
Allen, Bruce2, Author              
Amin, R.1, Author
Anderson, S. B.1, Author
Anderson, W. G.1, Author
Araya, M.1, Author
Armandula, H.1, Author
Asiri, F.1, Author
Aufmuth, Peter3, Author              
Aulbert, Carsten2, Author              
Babak, Stanislav4, Author              
Balasubramanian, R.1, Author
Ballmer, S.1, Author
Barish, B. C.1, Author
Barker, D.1, Author
Barker-Patton, C.1, Author
Barnes, M.1, Author
Barr, B. W.1, Author Barton, M. A.1, Author Bayer, K.1, Author Beausoleil, R.1, Author Belczynski, K.1, Author Bennett, R.1, Author Berukoff, Steven J.5, Author Betzwieser, J.1, Author Bhawal, B.1, Author Bilenko, I. A.1, Author Billingsley, G.1, Author Black, E.1, Author Blackburn, K.1, Author Bland-Weaver, B.1, Author Bochner, B.1, Author Bogue, L.1, Author Bork, Rolf1, Author Bose, Sukanta1, Author Brady, Patrick R.1, Author Braginsky, V. B.1, Author Brau, J. E.1, Author Brown, Duncan A.1, Author Brozek, Oliver Sascha1, Author Bullington, A.1, AuthorBuonanno, A.6, Author               Burgess, R.1, Author Busby, D.1, Author Butler, W. E.1, Author Byer, R. L.1, Author Cadonati, L.1, Author Cagnoli, G.1, Author Camp, J. B.1, Author Cantley, C. A.1, Author Cardenas, L.1, Author Carter, K.1, Author Casey, Morag M.1, Author Castiglione, J.1, Author Chandler, A.1, Author Chapsky, J.1, Author Charlton, P.1, Author Chatterji, S.1, AuthorChen, Yanbei4, Author               Chickarmane, V.1, Author Chin, D.1, Author Christensen, Nelson1, Author Churches, D.1, Author Colacino, Carlo Nicola7, Author Coldwell, R.1, Author Coles, M.1, Author Cook, D.1, Author Corbitt, Thomas1, Author Coyne, D.1, Author Creighton, Jolien D. E.1, Author Creighton, Teviet D.1, Author Crooks, D. R. M.1, Author Csatorday, P.1, Author Cusack, B. J.1, Author Cutler, Curt5, Author D'Ambrosio, Erika1, AuthorDanzmann, Karsten3, Author               Davies, R.1, Author Daw, Edward J.1, Author DeBra, D.1, Author Delker, T.1, Author DeSalvo, R.1, Author Dhurandhar, Sanjeev1, Author Diaz, M.1, Author Ding, H.1, Author Drever, R. W. P.1, Author Dupuis, R. J.1, Author Ebeling, C.1, Author Edlund, J. A.1, Author Ehrens, P.1, Author Elliffe, E. J.1, Author Etzel, T.1, Author Evans, M.1, Author Evans, T.1, Author Fallnich, Carsten1, Author Farnham, D.1, Author Fejer, M. M.1, Author Fine, M.1, Author Finn, Lee S.1, Author Flanagan, Eanna E.1, Author Freise, Andreas5, 7, Author Frey, R.1, Author Fritschel, P.1, Author Frolov, V. V.1, Author Ganezer, K. S.1, Author Giaime, J. A.1, Author Gillespie, A.1, Author Goda, Keisuke1, Author Gonzalez, Gabriela1, AuthorGossler, Stefan3, Author               Grandclement, P.1, Author Grant, A.1, Author Gray, C.1, Author Gretarsson, A. M.1, Author Grimmett, D.1, AuthorGrote, Hartmut3, Author              Grunewald, Steffen4, Author               Guenther, Mathias1, Author Gustafson, E. K.1, Author Gustafson, R.1, Author Hamilton, W. O.1, Author Hammond, M.1, Author Hanson, J.1, Author Hardham, C.1, Author Harry, G.1, Author Hartunian, A.1, Author Heefner, J.1, Author Hefetz, Y.1, AuthorHeinzel, Gerhard3, Author               Heng, Ik Siong1, Author Hennessy, M.1, Author Hepler, N.1, Author Heptonstall, A.1, AuthorHeurs, M.3, Author              Hewitson, Martin2, Author               Hindman, N.1, Author Hoang, P.1, Author Hough, Jim1, Author Hrynevych, M.1, Author Hua, W.1, Author Ingley, R.1, Author Ito, M.1, Author Itoh, Yousuke5, Author Ivanov, A.1, Author Jennrich, Oliver1, Author Johnson, W. W.1, Author Johnston, W. R.1, Author Jones, L.1, Author Jungwirth, D.1, Author Kalogera, V.1, Author Katsavounidis, E.1, Author Kawabe, Keita7, Author Kawamura, Seiji1, Author Kells, W.1, Author Kern, J.1, Author Khan, A.1, Author Killbourn, S.1, Author Killow, Christian J.1, Author Kim, C.1, Author King, C.1, AuthorKing, Peter3, Author               Klimenko, S.1, Author Kloevekorn, P.7, Author Koranda, S.1, Author Kötter, Karsten1, Author Kovalik, J.1, Author Kozak, D.1, AuthorKrishnan, Badri4, Author               Landry, Michael1, Author Langdale, J.1, Author Lantz, B.1, Author Lawrence, R.1, Author Lazzarini, Albert1, Author Lei, M.1, Author Leonhardt, Volker1, Author Leonor, I.1, Author Libbrecht, K.1, Author Lindquist, P.1, Author Liu, S.1, Author Logan, J. E.1, Author Lormand, M.1, Author Lubinski, M.1, AuthorLück, Harald3, Author               Lyons, T. T.1, AuthorMachenschalk, Bernd2, Author               MacInnis, M.1, Author Mageswaran, M.1, Author Mailand, K.1, Author Majid, W.1, Author Malec, Michaela1, Author Mann, F.1, Author Marin, A.1, Author Marka, S.1, Author Maros, E.1, Author Mason, J.1, Author Matherny, O.1, Author Mason, K.1, Author Matone, L.1, Author Mavalvala, N.1, Author McCarthy, R.1, Author McClelland, D. E.1, Author McHugh, Martin1, Author McNamara, P. W.1, Author Mendell, Gregory1, Author Meshkov, S.1, AuthorMessenger, Christopher2, Author               Mitrofanov, V. P.1, Author Mitselmakher, G.1, Author Mittleman, R.1, Author Miyakawa, O.1, Author Miyoki, Shinji1, Author Mohanty, Soumya5, Author Moreno, G.1, AuthorMossavi, Kasem3, Author               Mours, B.1, Author Müller, G.1, Author Mukherjee, Soma5, Author Myers, J.1, Author Nagano, S.7, Author Nash, T.1, Author Naundorf, Holger5, Author Nayak, R.1, Author Newton, G.1, Author Nocera, F.1, Author Nutzman, P.1, Author Olson, T.1, Author O'Reilly, B.1, Author Ottaway, D. J.1, Author Ottewill, A.1, Author Ouimette, D.1, Author Overmier, H.1, Author Owen, Benjamin J.1, AuthorPapa, Maria Alessandra4, Author               Parameswariah, C.1, Author Parameswariah, V.1, Author Pedraza, M.1, Author Penn, S.1, Author Pitkin, Matthew1, Author Plissi, M. V.1, Author Pratt, M.1, Author Quetschke, Volker1, Author Raab, F.1, Author Radkins, H.1, Author Rahkola, R.1, Author Rakhmanov, M.1, Author Rao, S. R.1, Author Redding, D.1, Author Regehr, M. W.1, Author Regimbau, T.1, Author Reilly, K. T.1, Author Reithmaier, K.1, Author Reitze, D. H.1, Author Richman, S.1, Author Riesen, R.1, Author Riles, K.1, Author Rizzi, A.1, Author Robertson, D. I.1, Author Robertson, N. A.1, Author Robison, L.1, Author Roddy, S.1, Author Rollins, J.1, Author Romano, J. D.1, Author Romie, J.1, Author Rong, H.1, Author Rose, D.1, Author Rotthoff, E.1, Author Rowan, S.1, AuthorRüdiger, Albrecht3, Author               Russell, P.1, Author Ryan, K.1, Author Salzman, I.1, Author Sanders, G. H.1, Author Sannibale, V.1, Author Sathyaprakash, B.1, Author Saulson, P. R.1, Author Savage, R.1, Author Sazonov, A.1, AuthorSchilling, Roland3, Author               Schlaufman, K.1, Author Schmidt, V.1, Author Schofield, R.1, Author Schrempel, M.1, AuthorSchutz, Bernard F.4, Author               Schwinberg, P.1, Author Scott, S. M.1, Author Searle, A. C.1, Author Sears, B.1, Author Seel, S.1, Author Sengupta, A. S.1, Author Shapiro, C. A.1, Author Shawhan, P.1, Author Shoemaker, D. H.1, Author Shu, Q. Z.1, Author Sibley, A.1, Author Siemens, X.1, Author Sievers, L.1, Author Sigg, D.1, AuthorSintes, Alicia M.4, Author               Skeldon, K. D.1, Author Smith, J. R.7, Author Smith, M.1, Author Smith, M. R.1, Author Sneddon, P.1, Author Spero, R.1, Author Stapfer, G.1, AuthorStrain, Ken A.3, Author               Strom, D.1, Author Stuver, A.1, Author Summerscales, T.1, Author Sumner, M. C.1, Author Sutton, Patrick J.1, Author Sylvestre, J.1, Author Takamori, A.1, Author Tanner, D. B.1, Author Tariq, H.1, Author Taylor, I.1, Author Taylor, R.1, Author Thorne, Kip S.1, Author Tibbits, M.1, Author Tilav, S.1, Author Tinto, Massimo1, Author Tokmakov, K. V.1, Author Torres, C.1, Author Torrie, C.1, Author Traeger, S.1, Author Traylor, G.1, Author Tyler, W.1, Author Ugolini, D.1, Author Vallisneri, M.1, Authorvan Putten, M.1, Author Vass, S.1, Author Vecchio, Alberto1, Author Vorvick, C.1, Author Vyachanin, S. P.1, Author Wallace, L.1, Author Walther, H.1, Author Ward, H.1, Author Ware, B.1, Author Watts, K.1, Author Webber, D.1, AuthorWeidner, Andreas3, Author               Weiland, Uta1, Author Weinstein, A.1, Author Weiss, R.1, Author Welling, Herbert1, Author Wen, L.1, Author Wen, S.1, AuthorWhelan, John T.4, Author               Whitcomb, S. E.1, Author Whiting, B. F.1, Author Willems, P. A.1, Author Williams, P. R.5, Author Williams, R.1, AuthorWillke, Benno3, Author               Wilson, A.1, Author Winjum, B. J.1, AuthorWinkler, Walter3, Author               Wise, S.1, Author Wiseman, A. G.1, Author Woan, G.1, Author Wooley, R.1, Author Worden, J.1, Author Yakushin, I.1, Author Yamamoto, H.1, AuthorYoshida, Shin4, Author               Zawischa, Ivo1, Author Zhang, L.1, Author Zotov, N.1, Author Zucker, M.1, Author Zweizig, J.1, Author Fyffe, M.1, AuthorLIGO Scientific Collaboration, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, escidoc:persistent22              
2Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24011              
3Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24010              
4Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, escidoc:24013              
5AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, escidoc:24008              
6Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:1933290              
7AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Hannover, DE, escidoc:24009              

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Free keywords: gr-qc
 Abstract: We present the analysis of between 50 and 100 h of coincident interferometric strain data used to search for and establish an upper limit on a stochastic background of gravitational radiation. These data come from the first LIGO science run, during which all three LIGO interferometers were operated over a 2-week period spanning August and September of 2002. The method of cross correlating the outputs of two interferometers is used for analysis. We describe in detail practical signal processing issues that arise when working with real data, and we establish an observational upper limit on a f–3 power spectrum of gravitational waves. Our 90% confidence limit is Omega0h1002<=23±4.6 in the frequency band 40–314 Hz, where h100 is the Hubble constant in units of 100 km/sec/Mpc and Omega0 is the gravitational wave energy density per logarithmic frequency interval in units of the closure density. This limit is approximately 104 times better than the previous, broadband direct limit using interferometric detectors, and nearly 3 times better than the best narrow-band bar detector limit. As LIGO and other worldwide detectors improve in sensitivity and attain their design goals, the analysis procedures described here should lead to stochastic background sensitivity levels of astrophysical interest.

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 Dates: 2004
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.69.122004
eDoc: 204969
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Title: Physical Review D
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 69 (12) Sequence Number: 122004 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1089-4918