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  Gravitational waves and mass ejecta from binary neutron star mergers: Effect of the stars' rotation

Dietrich, T., Bernuzzi, S., Ujevic, M., & Tichy, W. (2017). Gravitational waves and mass ejecta from binary neutron star mergers: Effect of the stars' rotation. Physical Review D, 95: 044045. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.044045.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-386B-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-07D8-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Dietrich, Tim1, Author              
Bernuzzi, Sebastiano, Author
Ujevic, Maximiliano, Author
Tichy, Wolfgang, Author
Affiliations:
1Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:1933290              

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Free keywords: General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc, Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, astro-ph.HE, Astrophysics, Solar and Stellar Astrophysics, astro-ph.SR
 Abstract: We present new (3+1) dimensional numerical relativity simulations of the binary neutron star (BNS) mergers that take into account the NS spins. We consider different spin configurations, aligned or antialigned to the orbital angular momentum, for equal and unequal mass BNS and for two equations of state. All the simulations employ quasiequilibrium circular initial data in the constant rotational velocity approach, i.e. they are consistent with Einstein equations and in hydrodynamical equilibrium. We study the NS rotation effect on the energetics, the gravitational waves (GWs) and on the possible electromagnetic (EM) emission associated to dynamical mass ejecta. For dimensionless spin magnitudes of $\chi\sim0.1$ we find that spin-orbit interactions and also spin-induced-quadrupole deformations affect the late-inspiral-merger dynamics. The latter is, however, dominated by finite-size effects. Spin (tidal) effects contribute to GW phase differences up to 5 (20) radians accumulated during the last eight orbits to merger. Similarly, after merger the collapse time of the remnant and the GW spectrogram are affected by the NSs rotation. Spin effects in dynamical ejecta are clearly observed in unequal mass systems in which mass ejection originates from the tidal tail of the companion. Consequently kilonovae and other EM counterparts are affected by spins. We find that spin aligned to the orbital angular momentum leads to brighter EM counterparts than antialigned spin with luminosities up to a factor of two higher.

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 Dates: 2016-11-222017
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 21 pages, 19 figures
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 1611.07367
URI: http://arxiv.org/abs/1611.07367
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.95.044045
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Title: Physical Review D
  Other : Phys. Rev. D.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lancaster, Pa. : American Physical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 95 Sequence Number: 044045 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0556-2821
CoNE: http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111088197762258