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Search for Gravitational Waves Associated with Gamma-Ray Bursts During the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run and Implications for the Origin of GRB 150906B

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration, IPN Collaboration, Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., et al. (2017). Search for Gravitational Waves Associated with Gamma-Ray Bursts During the First Advanced LIGO Observing Run and Implications for the Origin of GRB 150906B. The Astrophysical Journal, 841(2): 89. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa6c47.

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Genre: Journal Article

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1611.07947.pdf (Preprint), 2MB
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ApJ_841_89.pdf (Publisher version), 2MB
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Creators:
LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Author
Virgo Collaboration, Author
IPN Collaboration, Author
Abbott, B. P., Author
Abbott, R., Author
Abbott, T. D., Author
Abernathy, M. R., Author
Acernese, F., Author
Ackley, K., Author
Adhikari, R. X., Author
Adya, V. B.1, Author
Affeldt, C.2, Author
Agathos, M., Author
Agatsuma, K., Author
Aggarwal, N., Author
Aguiar, O. D., Author
Aiello, L., Author
Affiliations:
1AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Hannover, DE, escidoc:24009
2Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24010
3Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24011
4Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:1933290
5AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, escidoc:24008
6Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24013

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Free keywords: Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, astro-ph.HE,General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc
Abstract: We present the results of the search for gravitational waves (GWs) associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected during the first observing run of the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), which took place between September 12, 2015 and January 19, 2016. We perform a modeled search for coalescences of either two neutron stars (NSs) or an NS and a stellar-mass black hole (BH), and a search for unmodeled GW transients using minimal assumptions about the signal morphology. We search for GW signals associated with the 41 GRBs for which LIGO data are available with sufficient duration. We find no evidence of a GW signal for any of them. For all GRBs, we place lower bounds on the distance to the source using the optimistic assumption that GWs with an energy of $10^{-2}M_\odot c^2$ were emitted at a given frequency, and find a median 90% confidence limit of 71Mpc at 150Hz. For the subset of 19 short-hard GRBs, we place lower bounds on distance with a median 90% confidence limit of 90Mpc for NS-NS coalescences, and 150Mpc and 139Mpc for NS-BH coalescences with spins aligned to the orbital angular momentum and in a generic configuration, respectively. These distance limits are higher than any other ones placed by previous GW searches. Further, we discuss in detail the results of the search for GWs associated with GRB 150906B, a GRB that was localized by the InterPlanetary Network near the local galaxy NGC 3313, which is at a luminosity distance of 54Mpc (z=0.0124). Assuming the gamma-ray emission is beamed with a jet half-opening angle $\leq 30^{\circ}$, we exclude an NS-NS and an NS-BH in NGC 3313 as the progenitor of this event with confidence >99%. In addition, under the same assumption for the jet half-opening angle, we found no evidence for an NS-NS and an NS-BH GW signal associated with GRB 150906B up to a distance of 102Mpc and 170Mpc, respectively.

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Dates: 2016-11-232016-11-242017
Publication Status: Published in print
Pages: 20 pages, 6 figures, 3 tables
Publishing info: -
Rev. Method: -
Identifiers: arXiv: 1611.07947
URI: http://arxiv.org/abs/1611.07947
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa6c47
Degree: -

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### Source 1

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Title: The Astrophysical Journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 841 (2) Sequence Number: 89 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -