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  Q-operators, Yangian invariance and the quantum inverse scattering method

Frassek, R. (2014). Q-operators, Yangian invariance and the quantum inverse scattering method. PhD Thesis.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-97C4-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0024-B90C-E
Genre: Thesis

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1412.3339.pdf (Preprint), 3MB
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 Creators:
Frassek, Rouven1, Author
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1AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, escidoc:24008              

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Free keywords: High Energy Physics - Theory, hep-th,Mathematical Physics, math-ph,Mathematics, Mathematical Physics, math.MP,Nonlinear Sciences, Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems, nlin.SI
 Abstract: Inspired by the integrable structures appearing in weakly coupled planar N=4 super Yang-Mills theory, we study Q-operators and Yangian invariants of rational integrable spin chains. We review the quantum inverse scattering method along with the Yang-Baxter equation which is the key relation in this systematic approach to study integrable models. Our main interest concerns rational integrable spin chains and lattice models. We recall the relation among them and how they can be solved using Bethe ansatz methods incorporating so-called Q-functions. In order to remind the reader how the Yangian emerges in this context, an overview of its so-called RTT-realization is provided. The main part is based on the author's original publications. Firstly, we construct Q-operators whose eigenvalues yield the Q-functions for rational homogeneous spin chains. The Q-operators are introduced as traces over certain monodromies of R-operators. Our construction allows us to derive the hierarchy of commuting Q-operators and the functional relations among them. We study how the nearest-neighbor Hamiltonian and in principle also higher local charges can be extracted from the Q-operators directly. Secondly, we formulate the Yangian invariance condition, also studied in relation to scattering amplitudes of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory, in the RTT-realization. We find that Yangian invariants can be interpreted as special eigenvectors of certain inhomogeneous spin chains. This allows us to apply the algebraic Bethe ansatz and derive the corresponding Bethe equations that are relevant to construct the invariants. We examine the connection between the Yangian invariant spin chain eigenstates whose components can be understood as partition functions of certain 2d lattice models and tree-level scattering amplitudes of the four-dimensional gauge theory. Finally, we conclude and discuss some future directions.

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 Dates: 2014-12-1020142014
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 212
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 1412.3339
URI: http://arxiv.org/abs/1412.3339
 Degree: PhD

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