de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean
English
 
Help Guide Disclaimer Contact us Login
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  An upper limit on the stochastic gravitational-wave background of cosmological origin

Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Acernese, F., Adhikari, R., Ajith, P., Allen, B., et al. (2009). An upper limit on the stochastic gravitational-wave background of cosmological origin. Nature, 460(7258), 990-994. doi:10.1038/nature08278.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-4D74-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0026-A418-B
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
nature08278.pdf (Publisher version), 504KB
Description:
-
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
eDoc_access: PUBLIC
License:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Abbott, B. P., Author
Abbott, R., Author
Acernese, F., Author
Adhikari, R., Author
Ajith, P.1, Author
Allen, B.2, Author              
Allen, G., Author
Alshourbagy, M., Author
Amin, R. S., Author
Anderson, S. B., Author
Anderson, W. G., Author
Antonucci, F., Author
Aoudia, S.3, Author
Arain, M. A., Author
Araya, M., Author
Armandula, H., Author
Armor, P., Author
Arun, K. G., Author
Aso, Y., Author
Aston, S., Author
Astone, P., AuthorAufmuth, Peter4, Author              Aulbert, C.2, Author              Babak, Stanislav5, Author              Baker, P., AuthorBallardin, G., AuthorBallmer, S., AuthorBarker, C., AuthorBarker, D., AuthorBarone, F., AuthorBarr, B., AuthorBarriga, P., AuthorBarsotti, L., AuthorBarsuglia, M., AuthorBarton, M. A., AuthorBartos, I., AuthorBassiri, R., AuthorBastarrika, M., AuthorBauer, T. S., AuthorBehnke, B.2, Author              Beker, M., AuthorBenacquista, M., AuthorBetzwieser, J., AuthorBeyersdorf, P. T., AuthorBigotta, S., AuthorBilenko, I. A., AuthorBillingsley, G., AuthorBirindelli, S., AuthorBiswas, R., AuthorBizouard, M. A., AuthorBlack, E., AuthorBlackburn, J. K., AuthorBlackburn, L., AuthorBlair, D., AuthorBland, B., AuthorBoccara, C., AuthorBodiya, T. P., AuthorBogue, L., AuthorBondu, F., AuthorBonelli, L., AuthorBork, R., AuthorBoschi, V., AuthorBose, S., AuthorBosi, L., AuthorBraccini, S., AuthorBradaschia, C., AuthorBrady, P. R., AuthorBraginsky, V. B., Authorvan den Brand, J. F. J., AuthorBrau, J. E., AuthorBridges, D. O., AuthorBrillet, A., AuthorBrinkmann, M.4, Author              Brisson, V., AuthorVan Den Broeck, C., AuthorBrooks, A. F., AuthorBrown, D. A., AuthorBrummit, A., AuthorBrunet, G., AuthorBullington, A., AuthorBulten, H. J., AuthorBuonanno, A.6, Author              Burmeister, Oliver4, Author              Buskulic, D., AuthorByer, R. L., AuthorCadonati, L., AuthorCagnoli, G., AuthorCalloni, E., AuthorCamp, J. B., AuthorCampagna, E., AuthorCannizzo, J., AuthorCannon, K. C., AuthorCanuel, B., AuthorCao, J., AuthorCarbognani, F., AuthorCardenas, L., AuthorCaride, S., AuthorCastaldi, G., AuthorCaudill, S., AuthorCavaglia, M., AuthorCavalier, F., AuthorCavalieri, R., AuthorCella, G., AuthorCepeda, C., AuthorCesarini, E., AuthorChalermsongsak, T., AuthorChalkley, E., AuthorCharlton, P., AuthorChassande-Mottin, E., AuthorChatterji, S., AuthorChelkowski, S.1, AuthorChen, Y.5, Author              Christensen, N., AuthorChung, C. T. Y., AuthorClark, D., AuthorClark, J., AuthorClayton, J. H., AuthorCleva, F., AuthorCoccia, E., AuthorCokelaer, T., AuthorColacino, C. N., AuthorColas, J., AuthorColla, A., AuthorColombini, M., AuthorConte, R., AuthorCook, D., AuthorCorbitt, T. R. C., AuthorCorda, C., AuthorCornish, N., AuthorCorsi, A., AuthorCoulon, J. P., AuthorCoward, D., AuthorCoyne, D. C., AuthorCreighton, J. D. E., AuthorCreighton, T. D., AuthorCruise, A. M., AuthorCulter, R. M., AuthorCumming, A., AuthorCunningham, L., AuthorCuoco, E., AuthorDanilishin, S. L., AuthorD'Antonio, S., AuthorDanzmann, K.4, Author              Dari, A., AuthorDattilo, V., AuthorDaudert, B., AuthorDavier, M., AuthorDavies, G., AuthorDaw, E. J., AuthorDay, R., AuthorDe Rosa, R., AuthorDebra, D., AuthorDegallaix, J.4, Author              del Prete, M., AuthorDergachev, V., AuthorDesai, S., AuthorDeSalvo, R., AuthorDhurandhar, S., AuthorDi Fiore, L., AuthorDi Lieto, A., AuthorEmilio, M. D., AuthorDi Virgilio, A., AuthorDiaz, M., AuthorDietz, A., AuthorDonovan, F., AuthorDooley, K. L., AuthorDoomes, E. E., AuthorDrago, M., AuthorDrever, R. W. P., AuthorDueck, J.4, Author              Duke, I., AuthorDumas, J. C., AuthorDwyer, J. G., AuthorEchols, C., AuthorEdgar, M., AuthorEffler, A., AuthorEhrens, P., AuthorEly, G., AuthorEspinoza, E., AuthorEtzel, T., AuthorEvans, T., AuthorFafone, V., AuthorFairhurst, S., AuthorFaltas, Y., AuthorFan, Y., AuthorFazi, D., AuthorFehrmann, H.2, Author              Ferrante, I., AuthorFidecaro, F., AuthorFinn, L. S., AuthorFiori, I., AuthorFlaminio, R., AuthorFlasch, K., AuthorFoley, S., AuthorForrest, C., AuthorFotopoulos, N., AuthorFournier, J. D., AuthorFranc, J., AuthorFranzen, A., AuthorFrasca, S., AuthorFrasconi, F., AuthorFrede, M.4, Author              Frei, M., AuthorFrei, Z., AuthorFreise, A., AuthorFrey, R., AuthorFricke, T., AuthorFritschel, P., AuthorFrolov, V. V., AuthorFyffe, M., AuthorGaldi, V., AuthorGammaitoni, L., AuthorGarofoli, J. A., AuthorGarufi, F., AuthorGenin, E., AuthorGennai, A., AuthorGholami, I.3, AuthorGiaime, J. A., AuthorGiampanis, S.2, Author              Giardina, K. D., AuthorGiazotto, A., AuthorGoda, K., AuthorGoetz, E., AuthorGoggin, L. M., AuthorGonzalez, G., AuthorGorodetsky, M. L., AuthorGoßler, Stefan4, Author              Gouaty, R., AuthorGranata, M., AuthorGranata, V., AuthorGrant, A., AuthorGras, S., AuthorGray, C., AuthorGray, M., AuthorGreenhalgh, R. J. S., AuthorGretarsson, A. M., AuthorGreverie, C., AuthorGrimaldi, F., AuthorGrosso, R., AuthorGrote, H.4, Author              Grunewald, S.5, Author              Guenther, M., AuthorGuidi, G., AuthorGustafson, E. K., AuthorGustafson, R., AuthorHage, B.4, Author              Hallam, J. M., AuthorHammer, D., AuthorHammond, G. D., AuthorHanna, C., AuthorHanson, J., AuthorHarms, J.1, AuthorHarry, G. M., AuthorHarry, I. W., AuthorHarstad, E. D., AuthorHaughian, K., AuthorHayama, K.2, Author              Heefner, J., AuthorHeitmann, H., AuthorHello, P., AuthorHeng, I. S., AuthorHeptonstall, A., AuthorHewitson, M.2, Author              Hild, S.4, Author              Hirose, E., AuthorHoak, D., AuthorHodge, K. A., AuthorHolt, K., AuthorHosken, D. J., AuthorHough, J., AuthorHoyland, D., AuthorHuet, D., AuthorHughey, B., AuthorHuttner, S. H., AuthorIngram, D. R., AuthorIsogai, T., AuthorIto, M., AuthorIvanov, A., AuthorJohnson, B., AuthorJohnson, W. W., AuthorJones, D. I., AuthorJones, G., AuthorJones, R., Authorde la Jordana, L. S., AuthorJu, L., AuthorKalmus, P., AuthorKalogera, V., AuthorKandhasamy, S., AuthorKanner, J., AuthorKasprzyk, D., AuthorKatsavounidis, E., AuthorKawabe, K., AuthorKawamura, S., AuthorKawazoe, F.4, Author              Kells, W., AuthorKeppel, D. G., AuthorKhalaidovski, A.4, Author              Khalili, F. Y., AuthorKhan, R., AuthorKhazanov, E., AuthorKing, Peter4, Author              Kissel, J. S., AuthorKlimenko, S., AuthorKokeyama, K., AuthorKondrashov, V., AuthorKopparapu, R., AuthorKoranda, S., AuthorKozak, D., AuthorKrishnan, B.5, Author              Kumar, R., AuthorKwee, P.4, Author              La Penna, P., AuthorLam, P. K., AuthorLandry, M., AuthorLantz, B., AuthorLaval, M., AuthorLazzarini, A., AuthorLei, H., AuthorLei, M., AuthorLeindecker, N., AuthorLeonor, I., AuthorLeroy, N., AuthorLetendre, N., AuthorLi, C., AuthorLin, H., AuthorLindquist, P. E., AuthorLittenberg, B., AuthorLockerbie, N. A., AuthorLodhia, D., AuthorLongo, M., AuthorLorenzini, M., AuthorLoriette, V., AuthorLormand, M., AuthorLosurdo, G., AuthorLu, P., AuthorLubinski, M., AuthorLucianetti, A., AuthorLück, H.4, Author              Machenschalk, B.2, Author              MacInnis, M., AuthorMackowski, J. M., AuthorMageswaran, M., AuthorMailand, K., AuthorMajorana, E., AuthorMan, N., AuthorMandel, I., AuthorMandic, V., AuthorMantovani, M., AuthorMarchesoni, F., AuthorMarion, F., AuthorMarka, S., AuthorMarka, Z., AuthorMarkosyan, A., AuthorMarkowitz, J., AuthorMaros, E., AuthorMarque, J., AuthorMartelli, F., AuthorMartin, I. W., AuthorMartin, R. M., AuthorMarx, J. N., AuthorMason, K., AuthorMasserot, A., AuthorMatichard, F., AuthorMatone, L., AuthorMatzner, R. A., AuthorMavalvala, N., AuthorMcCarthy, R., AuthorMcClelland, D. E., AuthorMcGuire, S. C., AuthorMcHugh, M., AuthorMcIntyre, G., AuthorMcKechan, D. J. A., AuthorMcKenzie, K., AuthorMehmet, M.4, Author              Melatos, A., AuthorMelissinos, A. C., AuthorMendell, G., AuthorMenendez, D. F., AuthorMenzinger, F., AuthorMercer, R. A., AuthorMeshkov, S., AuthorMessenger, C.2, Author              Meyer, M. S., AuthorMichel, C., AuthorMilano, L., AuthorMiller, J., AuthorMinelli, J., AuthorMinenkov, Y., AuthorMino, Y., AuthorMitrofanov, V. P., AuthorMitselmakher, G., AuthorMittleman, R., AuthorMiyakawa, O., AuthorMoe, B., AuthorMohan, M., AuthorMohanty, S. D., AuthorMohapatra, S. R. P., AuthorMoreau, J., AuthorMoreno, G., AuthorMorgado, N., AuthorMorgia, A., AuthorMorioka, T., AuthorMors, K.7, Author              Mosca, S., AuthorMossavi, K.4, Author              Mours, B., AuthorMowLowry, C., AuthorMueller, G., AuthorMuhammad, D., AuthorZur Muhlen, H.4, Author              Mukherjee, S., AuthorMukhopadhyay, H., AuthorMullavey, A., AuthorMüller-Ebhardt, H.4, Author              Munch, J., AuthorMurray, P. G., AuthorMyers, E., AuthorMyers, J., AuthorNash, T., AuthorNelson, J., AuthorNeri, I., AuthorNewton, G., AuthorNishizawa, A., AuthorNocera, F., AuthorNumata, K., AuthorOchsner, E., AuthorO'Dell, J., AuthorOgin, G. H., AuthorO'Reilly, B., AuthorO'Shaughnessy, R., AuthorOttaway, D. J., AuthorOttens, R. S., AuthorOvermier, H., AuthorOwen, B. J., AuthorPagliaroli, G., AuthorPalomba, C., AuthorPan, Y., AuthorPankow, C., AuthorPaoletti, F., AuthorPapa, M A.5, Author              Parameshwaraiah, V., AuthorPardi, S., AuthorPasqualetti, A., AuthorPassaquieti, R., AuthorPassuello, D., AuthorPatel, P., AuthorPedraza, M., AuthorPenn, S., AuthorPerreca, A., AuthorPersichetti, G., AuthorPichot, M., AuthorPiergiovanni, F., AuthorPierro, V., AuthorPinard, L., AuthorPinto, I. M., AuthorPitkin, M., AuthorPletsch, H. J.2, Author              Plissi, M. V., AuthorPoggiani, R., AuthorPostiglione, F., AuthorPrincipe, M., AuthorPrix, R.2, Author              Prodi, G. A., AuthorProkhorov, L., AuthorPunken, O.1, AuthorPunturo, M., AuthorPuppo, P., AuthorVan der Putten, S., AuthorQuetschke, V., AuthorRaab, F. J., AuthorRabaste, O., AuthorRabeling, D. S., AuthorRadkins, H., AuthorRaffai, P., AuthorRaics, Z., AuthorRainer, N.1, AuthorRakhmanov, M., AuthorRapagnani, P., AuthorRaymond, V., AuthorRe, V., AuthorReed, C. M., AuthorReed, T., AuthorRegimbau, T., AuthorRehbein, H.4, Author              Reid, S., AuthorReitze, D. H., AuthorRicci, F., AuthorRiesen, R., AuthorRiles, K., AuthorRivera, B., AuthorRoberts, P., AuthorRobertson, N. A., AuthorRobinet, F., AuthorRobinson, C., AuthorRobinson, E. L.5, Author              Rocchi, A., AuthorRoddy, S., AuthorRolland, L., AuthorRollins, J., AuthorRomano, J. D., AuthorRomano, R., AuthorRomie, J. H., AuthorRöver, C.2, Author              Rowan, S., AuthorRüdiger, A.4, Author              Ruggi, P., AuthorRussell, P., AuthorRyan, K., AuthorSakata, S., AuthorSalemi, F.2, Author              Sandberg, V., AuthorSannibale, V., AuthorSantamaria, L.5, Author              Saraf, S., AuthorSarin, P., AuthorSassolas, B., AuthorSathyaprakash, B. S., AuthorSato, S., AuthorSatterthwaite, M., AuthorSaulson, P. R., AuthorSavage, R., AuthorSavov, P., AuthorScanlan, M., AuthorSchilling, R.4, Author              Schnabel, R.4, Author              Schofield, R., AuthorSchulz, B.4, Author              Schutz, B. F.5, Author              Schwinberg, P., AuthorScott, J., AuthorScott, S. M., AuthorSearle, A. C., AuthorSears, B., AuthorSeifert, F.4, Author              Sellers, D., AuthorSengupta, A. S., AuthorSentenac, D., AuthorSergeev, A., AuthorShapiro, B., AuthorShawhan, P., AuthorShoemaker, D. H., AuthorSibley, A., AuthorSiemens, X., AuthorSigg, D., AuthorSinha, S., AuthorSintes, A. M.5, Author              Slagmolen, B. J. J., AuthorSlutsky, J., Authorvan der Sluys, M. V., AuthorSmith, J. R.1, AuthorSmith, M. R., AuthorSmith, N. D., AuthorSomiya, K.4, Author              Sorazu, B., AuthorStein, A., AuthorStein, L. C., AuthorSteplewski, S., AuthorStochino, A., AuthorStone, R., AuthorStrain, K. A.4, Author              Strigin, S., AuthorStroeer, A., AuthorSturani, R., AuthorStuver, A. L., AuthorSummerscales, T. Z., AuthorSun, K. X., AuthorSung, M., AuthorSutton, P. J., AuthorSwinkels, B. L., AuthorSzokoly, G. P., AuthorTalukder, D., AuthorTang, L., AuthorTanner, D. B., AuthorTarabrin, S. P., AuthorTaylor, J. R.4, Author              Taylor, R.4, Author              Terenzi, R., AuthorThacker, J., AuthorThorne, K. A., AuthorThorne, K. S., AuthorThüring, Andre4, Author              Tokmakov, K. V., AuthorToncelli, A., AuthorTonelli, M., AuthorTorres, C., AuthorTorrie, C., AuthorTournefier, E., AuthorTravasso, F., AuthorTraylor, G., AuthorTrias, M., AuthorTrummer, J., AuthorUgolini, D., AuthorUlmen, J., AuthorUrbanek, K., AuthorVahlbruch, H.4, Author              Vajente, G., AuthorVallisneri, M., AuthorVass, S., AuthorVaulin, R., AuthorVavoulidis, M., AuthorVecchio, A., AuthorVedovato, G., Authorvan Veggel, A. A., AuthorVeitch, J., AuthorVeitch, P., AuthorVeltkamp, C.4, Author              Verkindt, D., AuthorVetrano, F., AuthorVicere, A., AuthorVillar, A., AuthorVinet, J. Y., AuthorVocca, H., AuthorVorvick, C., AuthorVyachanin, S. P., AuthorWaldman, S. J., AuthorWallace, L., AuthorWard, H., AuthorWard, R. L., AuthorWas, M.8, Author              Weidner, A.4, Author              Weinert, M.4, Author              Weinstein, A. J., AuthorWeiss, R., AuthorWen, L., AuthorWen, S., AuthorWette, Karl2, Author              Whelan, J. T.5, Author              Whitcomb, S. E., AuthorWhiting, B. F., AuthorWilkinson, C., AuthorWillems, P. A., AuthorWilliams, H. R., AuthorWilliams, L., AuthorWillke, B.4, Author              Wilmut, I., AuthorWinkelmann, L.4, Author              Winkler, W.4, Author              Wipf, C. C., AuthorWiseman, A. G., AuthorWoan, G., AuthorWooley, R., AuthorWorden, J., AuthorWu, W., AuthorYakushin, I., AuthorYamamoto, H., AuthorYan, Z., AuthorYoshida, S.5, Author              Yvert, M., AuthorZanolin, M., AuthorZhang, J., AuthorZhang, L., AuthorZhao, C., AuthorZotov, N., AuthorZucker, M. E., AuthorZweizig, J., AuthorLIGO Sci Collaboration, Author              Virgo Collaboration, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Hannover, DE, escidoc:24009              
2Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24011              
3AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Golm, DE, escidoc:24008              
4Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24010              
5Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24013              
6Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:1933290              
7AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24009              
8Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Hannover, DE, escidoc:24010              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: A stochastic background of gravitational waves is expected to arise from a superposition of a large number of unresolved gravitational-wave sources of astrophysical and cosmological origin. It should carry unique signatures from the earliest epochs in the evolution of the Universe, inaccessible to standard astrophysical observations(1). Direct measurements of the amplitude of this background are therefore of fundamental importance for understanding the evolution of the Universe when it was younger than one minute. Here we report limits on the amplitude of the stochastic gravitational-wave background using the data from a two-year science run of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory(2) (LIGO). Our result constrains the energy density of the stochastic gravitational-wave background normalized by the critical energy density of the Universe, in the frequency band around 100 Hz, to be <6.9 X 10(-6) at 95% confidence. The data rule out models of early Universe evolution with relatively large equation-of-state parameter(3), as well as cosmic (super) string models with relatively small string tension(4) that are favoured in some string theory models(5). This search for the stochastic background improves on the indirect limits from Big Bang nucleosynthesis(1,6) and cosmic microwave background(7) at 100Hz.

Details

show
hide
Language(s):
 Dates: 2009
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: eDoc: 435366
ISI: 000269085500029
DOI: 10.1038/nature08278
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Nature
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 460 (7258) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 990 - 994 Identifier: -