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  Beating the spin-down limit on gravitational wave emission from the Vela pulsar

Abadie, J., Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abernathy, M., Accadia, T., Acernese, F., et al. (2011). Beating the spin-down limit on gravitational wave emission from the Vela pulsar. Astrophysical Journal, 737(2): 93. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/737/2/93.

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Abadie, J., Author
Abbott, B. P., Author
Abbott, R., Author
Abernathy, M., Author
Accadia, T., Author
Acernese, F., Author
Adams, C., Author
Adhikari, R., Author
Affeldt, C., Author
Allen, B.1, Author              
Allen, G. S., Author
Ceron, E. Amador, Author
Amariutei, D., Author
Amin, R. S., Author
Anderson, S. B., Author
Anderson, W. G., Author
Antonucci, F., Author
Arai, K., Author
Arain, M. A., Author
Araya, M. C., Author
Aston, S. M., AuthorAstone, P., AuthorAtkinson, D., AuthorAufmuth, P.2, Author              Aulbert, C.1, Author              Aylott, B. E., AuthorBabak, S., AuthorBaker, P., AuthorBallardin, G., AuthorBallmer, S., AuthorBarker, D., AuthorBarnum, S., AuthorBarone, F., AuthorBarr, B., AuthorBarriga, P., AuthorBarsotti, L., AuthorBarsuglia, M., AuthorBarton, M. A., AuthorBartos, I., AuthorBassiri, R., AuthorBastarrika, M., AuthorBasti, A., AuthorBauchrowitz, J., AuthorBauer, Th. S., AuthorBehnke, B., AuthorBejger, M., AuthorBeker, M. G., AuthorBell, A. S., AuthorBelletoile, A., AuthorBelopolski, I., AuthorBenacquista, M., AuthorBertolini, A., AuthorBetzwieser, J., AuthorBeveridge, N., AuthorBeyersdorf, P. T., AuthorBilenko, I. A., AuthorBillingsley, G., AuthorBirch, J., AuthorBirindelli, S., AuthorBiswas, R., AuthorBitossi, M., AuthorBizouard, M. A., AuthorBlack, E., AuthorBlackburn, J. K., AuthorBlackburn, L., AuthorBlair, D., AuthorBland, B., AuthorBlom, M., AuthorBock, O., AuthorBodiya, T. P., AuthorBogan, C., AuthorBondarescu, R., AuthorBondu, F., AuthorBonelli, L., AuthorBonnand, R., AuthorBork, R., AuthorBorn, M., AuthorBoschi, V., AuthorBose, S., AuthorBosi, L., AuthorBouhou, B., AuthorBoyle, M., AuthorBraccini, S., AuthorBradaschia, C., AuthorBrady, P. R., AuthorBraginsky, V. B., AuthorBrau, J. E., AuthorBreyer, J., AuthorBridges, D. O., AuthorBrillet, A., AuthorBrinkmann, M., AuthorBrisson, V., AuthorBritzger, M., AuthorBrooks, A. F., AuthorBrown, D. A., AuthorBrummit, A., AuthorBudzyński, R., AuthorBulik, T., AuthorBulten, H. J., AuthorBuonanno, A.3, Author              Burguet--Castell, J., AuthorBurmeister, O., AuthorBuskulic, D., AuthorBuy, C., AuthorByer, R. L., AuthorCadonati, L., AuthorCagnoli, G., AuthorCain, J., AuthorCalloni, E., AuthorCamp, J. B., AuthorCampagna, E., AuthorCampsie, P., AuthorCannizzo, J., AuthorCannon, K., AuthorCanuel, B., AuthorCao, J., AuthorCapano, C., AuthorCarbognani, F., AuthorCaride, S., AuthorCaudill, S., AuthorCavaglià, M., AuthorCavalier, F., AuthorCavalieri, R., AuthorCella, G., AuthorCepeda, C., AuthorCesarini, E., AuthorChaibi, O., AuthorChalermsongsak, T., AuthorChalkley, E., AuthorCharlton, P., AuthorChassande-Mottin, E., AuthorChelkowski, S., AuthorChen, Y., AuthorChincarini, A., AuthorChristensen, N., AuthorChua, S. S. Y., AuthorChung, C. T. Y., AuthorChung, S., AuthorClara, F., AuthorClark, D., AuthorClark, J., AuthorClayton, J. H., AuthorCleva, F., AuthorCoccia, E., AuthorColacino, C. N., AuthorColas, J., AuthorColla, A., AuthorColombini, M., AuthorConte, R., AuthorCook, D., AuthorCorbitt, T. R., AuthorCornish, N., AuthorCorsi, A., AuthorCosta, C. A., AuthorCoughlin, M., AuthorCoulon, J. -P., AuthorCoward, D. M., AuthorCoyne, D. C., AuthorCreighton, J. D. E., AuthorCreighton, T. D., AuthorCruise, A. M., AuthorCulter, R. M., AuthorCumming, A., AuthorCunningham, L., AuthorCuoco, E., AuthorDahl, K.2, Author              Danilishin, S. L., AuthorDannenberg, R., AuthorD'Antonio, S., AuthorDanzmann, K.2, Author              Das, K., AuthorDattilo, V., AuthorDaudert, B., AuthorDaveloza, H., AuthorDavier, M., AuthorDavies, G., AuthorDaw, E. J., AuthorDay, R., AuthorDayanga, T., AuthorDe Rosa, R., AuthorDeBra, D., AuthorDebreczeni, G., AuthorDegallaix, J., Authordel Prete, M., AuthorDent, T., AuthorDergachev, V., AuthorDeRosa, R., AuthorDeSalvo, R., AuthorDhurandhar, S., AuthorDi Fiore, L., AuthorDi Lieto, A., AuthorDi Palma, I., AuthorEmilio, M. Di Paolo, AuthorDi Virgilio, A., AuthorDíaz, M., AuthorDietz, A., AuthorDonovan, F., AuthorDooley, K. L., AuthorDorsher, S., AuthorDouglas, E. S. D., AuthorDrago, M., AuthorDrever, R. W. P., AuthorDriggers, J. C., AuthorDumas, J. -C., AuthorDwyer, S., AuthorEberle, Tobias2, Author              Edgar, M., AuthorEdwards, M., AuthorEffler, A., AuthorEhrens, P., AuthorEngel, R., AuthorEtzel, T., AuthorEvans, M., AuthorEvans, T., AuthorFactourovich, M., AuthorFafone, V., AuthorFairhurst, S., AuthorFan, Y., AuthorFarr, B. F., AuthorFazi, D., AuthorFehrmann, H., AuthorFeldbaum, D., AuthorFerrante, I., AuthorFidecaro, F., AuthorFinn, L. S., AuthorFiori, I., AuthorFlaminio, R., AuthorFlanigan, M., AuthorFoley, S., AuthorForsi, E., AuthorForte, L. A., AuthorFotopoulos, N., AuthorFournier, J. -D., AuthorFranc, J., AuthorFrasca, S., AuthorFrasconi, F., AuthorFrede, M., AuthorFrei, M., AuthorFrei, Z., AuthorFreise, A., AuthorFrey, R., AuthorFricke, T. T., AuthorFriedrich, D., AuthorFritschel, P., AuthorFrolov, V. V., AuthorFulda, P., AuthorFyffe, M., AuthorGalimberti, M., AuthorGammaitoni, L., AuthorGarcia, J., AuthorGarofoli, J. A., AuthorGarufi, F., AuthorGáspár, M. E., AuthorGemme, G., AuthorGenin, E., AuthorGennai, A., AuthorGhosh, S., AuthorGiaime, J. A., AuthorGiampanis, S., AuthorGiardina, K. D., AuthorGiazotto, A., AuthorGill, C., AuthorGoetz, E., AuthorGoggin, L. M., AuthorGonzález, G., AuthorGorodetsky, M. L., AuthorGossler, S.2, Author              Gouaty, R., AuthorGraef, C., AuthorGranata, M., AuthorGrant, A., AuthorGras, S., AuthorGray, C., AuthorGreenhalgh, R. J. S., AuthorGretarsson, A. M., AuthorGreverie, C., AuthorGrosso, R., AuthorGrote, H.2, Author              Grunewald, S.4, Author              Guidi, G. M., AuthorGuido, C., AuthorGupta, R., AuthorGustafson, E. K., AuthorGustafson, R., AuthorHage, B., AuthorHallam, J. M., AuthorHammer, D., AuthorHammond, G., AuthorHanks, J., AuthorHanna, C., AuthorHanson, J., AuthorHarms, J.2, Author              Harry, G. M., AuthorHarry, I. W., AuthorHarstad, E. D., AuthorHartman, M. T., AuthorHaughian, K., AuthorHayama, K., AuthorHayau, J. -F., AuthorHayler, T., AuthorHeefner, J., AuthorHeitmann, H., AuthorHello, P., AuthorHendry, M. A., AuthorHeng, I. S., AuthorHeptonstall, A. W., AuthorHerrera, V., AuthorHewitson, M.1, Author              Hild, S., AuthorHoak, D., AuthorHodge, K. A., AuthorHolt, K., AuthorHong, T., AuthorHooper, S., AuthorHosken, D. J., AuthorHough, J., AuthorHowell, E. J., AuthorHuet, D., AuthorHughey, B., AuthorHusa, S., AuthorHuttner, S. H., AuthorIngram, D. R., AuthorInta, R., AuthorIsogai, T., AuthorIvanov, A., AuthorJaranowski, P., AuthorJohnson, W. W., AuthorJones, D. I., AuthorJones, G., AuthorJones, R., AuthorJu, L., AuthorKalmus, P., AuthorKalogera, V., AuthorKandhasamy, S., AuthorKanner, J. B., AuthorKatsavounidis, E., AuthorKatzman, W., AuthorKawabe, K., AuthorKawamura, S., AuthorKawazoe, F., AuthorKells, W., AuthorKelner, M., AuthorKeppel, D. G., AuthorKhalaidovski, A., AuthorKhalili, F. Y., AuthorKhazanov, E. A., AuthorKim, H., AuthorKim, N., AuthorKing, P. J., AuthorKinzel, D. L., AuthorKissel, J. S., AuthorKlimenko, S., AuthorKondrashov, V., AuthorKopparapu, R., AuthorKoranda, S., AuthorKorth, W. Z., AuthorKowalska, I., AuthorKozak, D., AuthorKringel, V., AuthorKrishnamurthy, S., AuthorKrishnan, B., AuthorKrólak, A., AuthorKuehn, G.2, Author              Kumar, R., AuthorKwee, P., AuthorLandry, M., AuthorLantz, B., AuthorLastzka, N., AuthorLazzarini, A., AuthorLeaci, P., AuthorLeong, J., AuthorLeonor, I., AuthorLeroy, N., AuthorLetendre, N., AuthorLi, J., AuthorLi, T. G. F., AuthorLiguori, N., AuthorLindquist, P. E., AuthorLockerbie, N. A., AuthorLodhia, D., AuthorLorenzini, M., AuthorLoriette, V., AuthorLormand, M., AuthorLosurdo, G., AuthorLu, P., AuthorLuan, J., AuthorLubinski, M., AuthorLück, H., AuthorLundgren, A. P., AuthorMacdonald, E., AuthorMachenschalk, B., AuthorMacInnis, M., AuthorMageswaran, M., AuthorMailand, K., AuthorMajorana, E., AuthorMaksimovic, I., AuthorMan, N., AuthorMandel, I., AuthorMandic, V., AuthorMantovani, M., AuthorMarandi, A., AuthorMarchesoni, F., AuthorMarion, F., AuthorMárka, S., AuthorMárka, Z., AuthorMaros, E., AuthorMarque, J., AuthorMartelli, F., AuthorMartin, I. W., AuthorMartin, R. M., AuthorMarx, J. N., AuthorMason, K., AuthorMasserot, A., AuthorMatichard, F., AuthorMatone, L., AuthorMatzner, R. A., AuthorMavalvala, N., AuthorMcCarthy, R., AuthorMcClelland, D. E., AuthorMcGuire, S. C., AuthorMcIntyre, G., AuthorMcKechan, D. J. A., AuthorMeadors, G., AuthorMehmet, M., AuthorMeier, T., AuthorMelatos, A., AuthorMelissinos, A. C., AuthorMendell, G., AuthorMercer, R. A., AuthorMerill, L., AuthorMeshkov, S., AuthorMessenger, C., AuthorMeyer, M. S., AuthorMiao, H., AuthorMichel, C., AuthorMilano, L., AuthorMiller, J., AuthorMinenkov, Y., AuthorMino, Y., AuthorMitrofanov, V. P., AuthorMitselmakher, G., AuthorMittleman, R., AuthorMiyakawa, O., AuthorMoe, B., AuthorMoesta, P., AuthorMohan, M., AuthorMohanty, S. D., AuthorMohapatra, S. R. P., AuthorMoraru, D., AuthorMoreno, G., AuthorMorgado, N., AuthorMorgia, A., AuthorMosca, S., AuthorMoscatelli, V., AuthorMossavi, K.2, Author              Mours, B., AuthorMow--Lowry, C. M., AuthorMueller, G., AuthorMukherjee, S., AuthorMullavey, A., AuthorMüller-Ebhardt, H.2, Author              Munch, J., AuthorMurray, P. G., AuthorNash, T., AuthorNawrodt, R., AuthorNelson, J., AuthorNeri, I., AuthorNewton, G., AuthorNishida, E., AuthorNishizawa, A., AuthorNocera, F., AuthorNolting, D., AuthorOchsner, E., AuthorO'Dell, J., AuthorOgin, G. H., AuthorOldenburg, R. G., AuthorO'Reilly, B., AuthorO'Shaughnessy, R., AuthorOsthelder, C., AuthorOtt, C. D., AuthorOttaway, D. J., AuthorOttens, R. S., AuthorOvermier, H., AuthorOwen, Benjamin J.1, Author              Page, A., AuthorPagliaroli, G., AuthorPalladino, L., AuthorPalomba, C., AuthorPan, Y., AuthorPankow, C., AuthorPaoletti, F., AuthorPapa, M. A.4, Author              Parameswaran, A., AuthorPardi, S., AuthorParisi, M., AuthorPasqualetti, A., AuthorPassaquieti, R., AuthorPassuello, D., AuthorPatel, P., AuthorPathak, D., AuthorPedraza, M., AuthorPekowsky, L., AuthorPenn, S., AuthorPeralta, Carlos4, Author              Perreca, A., AuthorPersichetti, G., AuthorPhelps, M., AuthorPichot, M., AuthorPickenpack, M., AuthorPiergiovanni, F., AuthorPietka, M., AuthorPinard, L., AuthorPinto, I. M., AuthorPitkin, M., AuthorPletsch, H. J.1, Author              Plissi, M. V., AuthorPodkaminer, J., AuthorPoggiani, R., AuthorPöld, J., AuthorPostiglione, F., AuthorPrato, M., AuthorPredoi, V., AuthorPrice, L. R., AuthorPrijatelj, M., AuthorPrincipe, M., AuthorPrivitera, S., AuthorPrix, R.1, Author              Prodi, G. A., AuthorProkhorov, L., AuthorPuncken, O., AuthorPunturo, M., AuthorPuppo, P., AuthorQuetschke, V., AuthorRaab, F. J., AuthorRabeling, D. S., AuthorRácz, I., AuthorRadkins, H., AuthorRaffai, P., AuthorRakhmanov, M., AuthorRamet, C. R., AuthorRankins, B., AuthorRapagnani, P., AuthorRaymond, V., AuthorRe, V., AuthorRedwine, K., AuthorReed, C. M., AuthorReed, T., AuthorRegimbau, T., AuthorReid, S., AuthorReitze, D. H., AuthorRicci, F., AuthorRiesen, R., AuthorRiles, K., AuthorRoberts, P., AuthorRobertson, N. A., AuthorRobinet, F., AuthorRobinson, C., AuthorRobinson, E. L., AuthorRocchi, A., AuthorRoddy, S., AuthorRolland, L., AuthorRollins, J., AuthorRomano, J. D., AuthorRomano, R., AuthorRomie, J. H., AuthorRosińska, D., AuthorRoever, C.1, Author              Rowan, S., AuthorRüdiger, A.2, Author              Ruggi, P., AuthorRyan, K., AuthorSakata, S., AuthorSakosky, M., AuthorSalemi, F., AuthorSalit, M., AuthorSammut, L., Authorde la Jordana, L. Sancho, AuthorSandberg, V., AuthorSannibale, V., AuthorSantamaría, L., AuthorSantiago-Prieto, I., AuthorSantostasi, G., AuthorSaraf, S., AuthorSassolas, B., AuthorSathyaprakash, B. S., AuthorSato, S., AuthorSatterthwaite, M., AuthorSaulson, P. R., AuthorSavage, R., AuthorSchilling, R., AuthorSchlamminger, S., AuthorSchnabel, R.2, Author              Schofield, R. M. S., AuthorSchulz, B., AuthorSchutz, B. F.4, Author              Schwinberg, P., AuthorScott, J., AuthorScott, S. M., AuthorSearle, A. C., AuthorSeifert, F., AuthorSellers, D., AuthorSengupta, A. S., AuthorSentenac, D., AuthorSergeev, A., AuthorShaddock, D. A., AuthorShaltev, M., AuthorShapiro, B., AuthorShawhan, P., AuthorWeerathunga, T. Shihan, AuthorShoemaker, D. H., AuthorSibley, A., AuthorSiemens, X., AuthorSigg, D., AuthorSinger, A., AuthorSinger, L., AuthorSintes, A. M., AuthorSkelton, G., AuthorSlagmolen, B. J. J., AuthorSlutsky, J., AuthorSmith, J. R., AuthorSmith, M. R., AuthorSmith, N. D., AuthorSmith, R., AuthorSomiya, K., AuthorSorazu, B., AuthorSoto, J., AuthorSpeirits, F. C., AuthorSperandio, L., AuthorStefszky, M., AuthorStein, A. J., AuthorSteinlechner, J., AuthorSteinlechner, S., AuthorSteplewski, S., AuthorStochino, A., AuthorStone, R., AuthorStrain, K. A., AuthorStrigin, S., AuthorStroeer, A. S., AuthorSturani, R., AuthorStuver, A. L., AuthorSummerscales, T. Z., AuthorSung, M., AuthorSusmithan, S., AuthorSutton, P. J., AuthorSwinkels, B., AuthorSzokoly, G. P., AuthorTacca, M., AuthorTalukder, D., AuthorTanner, D. B., AuthorTarabrin, S. P., AuthorTaylor, J. R., AuthorTaylor, R., AuthorThomas, P., AuthorThorne, K. A., AuthorThorne, K. S., AuthorThrane, E., AuthorThüring, A., AuthorTitsler, C., AuthorTokmakov, K. V., AuthorToncelli, A., AuthorTonelli, M., AuthorTorre, O., AuthorTorres, C., AuthorTorrie, C. I., AuthorTournefier, E., AuthorTravasso, F., AuthorTraylor, G., AuthorTrias, M., AuthorTseng, K., AuthorTurner, L., AuthorUgolini, D., AuthorUrbanek, K., AuthorVahlbruch, H., AuthorVaishnav, B., AuthorVajente, G., AuthorVallisneri, M., AuthorBrand, J. F. J. van den, AuthorBroeck, C. Van Den, Authorvan der Putten, S., Authorvan der Sluys, M. V., Authorvan Veggel, A. A., AuthorVass, S., AuthorVasuth, M., AuthorVaulin, R., AuthorVavoulidis, M., AuthorVecchio, A., AuthorVedovato, G., AuthorVeitch, J., AuthorVeitch, P. J., AuthorVeltkamp, C., AuthorVerkindt, D., AuthorVetrano, F., AuthorViceré, A., AuthorVillar, A. E., AuthorVinet, J. -Y., AuthorVocca, H., AuthorVorvick, C., AuthorVyachanin, S. P., AuthorWaldman, S. J., AuthorWallace, L., AuthorWanner, Alexander2, Author              Ward, R. L., AuthorWas, M.5, Author              Wei, P., AuthorWeinert, M.2, Author              Weinstein, A. J., AuthorWeiss, R., AuthorWen, L., AuthorWen, S., AuthorWessels, P., AuthorWest, M., AuthorWestphal, T., AuthorWette, K., AuthorWhelan, J. T., AuthorWhitcomb, S. E., AuthorWhite, D., AuthorWhiting, B. F., AuthorWilkinson, C., AuthorWillems, P. A., AuthorWilliams, H. R., AuthorWilliams, L., AuthorWillke, B.2, Author              Winkelmann, L., AuthorWinkler, W., AuthorWipf, C. C., AuthorWiseman, A. G., AuthorWoan, G., AuthorWooley, R., AuthorWorden, J., AuthorYablon, J., AuthorYakushin, I., AuthorYamamoto, H., AuthorYamamoto, K., AuthorYang, H., AuthorYeaton-Massey, D., AuthorYoshida, S., AuthorYu, P., AuthorYvert, M., AuthorZanolin, M., AuthorZhang, L., AuthorZhang, Z., AuthorZhao, C., AuthorZotov, N., AuthorZucker, M. E., AuthorZweizig, J., AuthorBuchner, S., AuthorHotan, A., AuthorPalfreyman, J., AuthorThe LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Author              The Virgo Collaboration, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24011              
2Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24010              
3Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:1933290              
4Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, escidoc:24013              
5Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Hannover, DE, escidoc:24010              

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Free keywords: Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, astro-ph.HE,General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc
 Abstract: We present direct upper limits on continuous gravitational wave emission from the Vela pulsar using data from the Virgo detector's second science run. These upper limits have been obtained using three independent methods that assume the gravitational wave emission follows the radio timing. Two of the methods produce frequentist upper limits for an assumed known orientation of the star's spin axis and value of the wave polarization angle of, respectively, $1.9\ee{-24}$ and $2.2\ee{-24}$, with 95% confidence. The third method, under the same hypothesis, produces a Bayesian upper limit of $2.1\ee{-24}$, with 95% degree of belief. These limits are below the indirect {\it spin-down limit} of $3.3\ee{-24}$ for the Vela pulsar, defined by the energy loss rate inferred from observed decrease in Vela's spin frequency, and correspond to a limit on the star ellipticity of $\sim 10^{-3}$. Slightly less stringent results, but still well below the spin-down limit, are obtained assuming the star's spin axis inclination and the wave polarization angles are unknown.

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 Dates: 2011-04-142011-04-152011
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 37 pages, 6 figures corrected typo in the Authors field
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 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: arXiv: 1104.2712
DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/737/2/93
URI: http://arxiv.org/abs/1104.2712
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Title: Astrophysical Journal
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Publ. Info: Chicago, IL : University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 737 (2) Sequence Number: 93 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0004-637X
CoNE: http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828215_2