de.mpg.escidoc.pubman.appbase.FacesBean
English
 
Help Guide Disclaimer Contact us Login
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Archimedes: Knowledge and Lore from Latin Antiquity to the Outgoing European Renaissance

Høyrup, J. (2017). Archimedes: Knowledge and Lore from Latin Antiquity to the Outgoing European Renaissance. Berlin: Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-65CF-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-65D0-8
Genre: Book

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
P487.PDF (Any fulltext), 215KB
Description:
-
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-
License:
-

Locators

show
hide
Description:
-

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Høyrup, Jens1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Structural Changes in Systems of Knowledge, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Max Planck Society, escidoc:2266695              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: With only Apuleius and Augustine as partial exceptions, Latin Antiquity did not know Archimedes as a mathematician but only as an ingenious engineer and astronomer, serving his city and killed by fatal distraction when in the end it was taken by ruse. The Latin Middle Ages forgot even much of that, and when Archimedean mathematics was translated in the 12th and 13th centuries, almost no integration with the traditional image of the person took place. With the exception of Petrarca, who knew the civically useful engineer and the astrologer (!), fourteenth-century Humanists show no interest in Archimedes. In the 15th century, however, “higher artisans” with Humanist connections or education took interest in Archimedes the technician and started identifying with him. In mid-century, a new translation of most works from the Greek was made by Jacopo remonensis, and Regiomontanus and a few other mathematicians began resurrecting the image of the geometer, yet without emulating him in their own work. Giorgio Valla’s posthumous De expetendis et fugiendis rebus from 1501 marks a watershed. Valla drew knowledge of the person as well as his works from Proclus and Pappus, thus integrating the two. Over the century, a number of editions also appeared, the editio princeps in 1544, and mathematical work following in the footsteps of Archimedes was made by Maurolico, Commandino and others. The Northern Renaissance only discovered Archimedes in the 1530s, and for long only superficially. The first to express a (purely ideological) high appreciation is Ramus in 1569, and the first to make creative use of his mathematics was Viète in the 1590s.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 16 S.
 Publishing info: Berlin : Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: Other: MPIWG: MPG Preprint 487
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte : Preprint
Source Genre: Series
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 487 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: -