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  Soil water repellency and its implications for organic matter decomposition - is there a link to extreme climatic events?

Goebel, M. O., Bachmann, J., Reichstein, M., Janssens, I. A., & Guggenberger, G. (2011). Soil water repellency and its implications for organic matter decomposition - is there a link to extreme climatic events? Global Change Biology, 17(8), 2640-2656. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02414.x.

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アイテムのパーマリンク: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-DBA6-1 版のパーマリンク: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-4AED-9
資料種別: 学術論文

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BGC1517.pdf (出版社版), 474KB
 
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 作成者:
Goebel, M. O., 著者
Bachmann, J., 著者
Reichstein, M.1, 著者              
Janssens, I. A., 著者
Guggenberger, G., 著者
所属:
1Research Group Biogeochemical Model-data Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, escidoc:1497760              

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キーワード: aggregate stability carbon cycle carbon sequestration climate change extreme climatic events hydrophobicity microbial respiration soil organic matter soil water repellency substrate availability land-use types overland-flow generation unsaturated porous-media north-central portugal colorado front range global carbon-cycle aggregate stability sandy soils forest soil microbial biomass
 要旨: Earth system models associate the ongoing global warming with increasing frequency and intensity of extreme events such as droughts and heat waves. The carbon balance of soils may be more sensitive to the impact of such extremes than to homogeneously distributed changes in soil temperature (T(s)) or soil water content (theta(s)). One parameter influenced by more pronounced drying/rewetting cycles or increases in T(s) is the wettability of soils. Results from laboratory and field studies showed that low theta(s), particularly in combination with high T(s) can increase soil water repellency (SWR). Recent studies have provided evidence that the stability of soil organic matter (SOM) against microbial decomposition is substantially enhanced in water repellent soils. This review hypothesizes that SWR is an important SOM stabilization mechanism that could become more important because of the increase in extreme events. We discuss wettability-induced changes in soil moisture distribution and in soil aggregate turnover as the main mechanisms explaining the reduced mineralization of SOM with increasing SWR. The creation of preferential flow paths and subsequent uneven penetration of rainwater may cause a long-term reduction of soil water availability, affecting both microorganisms and plants. We conclude that climate change-induced SWR may intensify the effects of climatic drought and thus affects ecosystem processes such as SOM decomposition and plant productivity, as well as changes in vegetation and microbial community structure. Future research on biosphere-climate interactions should consider the effects of increasing SWR on soil moisture and subsequently on both microbial activity and plant productivity, which ultimately determine the overall carbon balance.

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言語: eng - 英語
 日付: 2011
 出版の状態: 紙媒体で出版済み
 ページ: -
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 目次: -
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 識別子(DOI, ISBNなど): DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02414.x
ISI: ://WOS:000292308300011
その他: BGC1517
 学位: -

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出版物 1

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出版物名: Global Change Biology
種別: 学術雑誌
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出版社, 出版地: Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science
ページ: - 巻号: 17 (8) 通巻号: - 開始・終了ページ: 2640 - 2656 識別子(ISBN, ISSN, DOIなど): CoNE: http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925618107
ISSN: 1354-1013